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Wednesday, 16 January 2019

Welcome.

Welcome to Kediri.

By introducing the name Bambang Sunarno author also introduces the town of Kediri as the hometown and historic sites as well as original culinary style Kediri, East Java, Indonesia.
In the town of Kediri, there are several historic sites and some of the history of Kediri. Attractions including  :

Selomangleng cave.

Selomangleng cave.

Maskumambang lake.

Maskumambang lake.

Maria Lourdes grotto Kediri.

Maria Lourdes grotto Kediri.
Maria Lourdes cave has been known to tourists, and is known by the name Puh Sarang Church Kediri. The tourists always visit every holiday or there is an opportunity to visit with family Kediri, while Maria Lourdes grotto is a site that explains in detail the crucifixion of Jesus and also used for the followers of the Christian ritual.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.
Waterfall Dolo very attractive to newcomers from abroad or locally to enjoy the beauty of the high fountain and splashing in the gentle breeze and feel fresh.

If you want to Kelud. 

the road to the mountain kelud hot water.
Please contact the Travel Agents are available in the town of Kediri and you will get a place to take you.

culinary seller on the street Dhoho kediri.
When you visit in the evening there is a culinary providers Doho line the streets until the evening at 24.00, and for the guests do not have to worry, because every time you come there is always the hotels were good and satisfying.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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DatePublished: 27 September 2019 at 23:16
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Tuesday, 27 January 2015

Did You Know About Leeches ?

 Leeches

Leeches are ' worms ' with suckers on each end . Leeches can be divided in a variety of sizes , from the size of half an inch to ten inches in length , there are leeches color brown or black color . There are some that eat decaying plants . Others are parasites , sucking the blood and other animal tissues .
blood sucking leeches in two ways : using a leech proboscis to puncture the skin or using three jaws and millions of tiny teeth . Leeches live almost anywhere there is water origin . Leeches find their prey by detecting skin oils , blood , heat or carbon dioxide even when the prey breathes .
Leeches do not often eat , this is because the leeches suck in large amounts of blood when eating .
Doctors often use leeches in the past to draw blood . Leeches are also used to perform operations and cutting hair . When the barber finished the operation , she would take a bloody bandage and wrap around the pole to show that he was doing surgery . That's how the origin of the red and white pole circling the barber .
Now maggots and leeches are used for different reasons . Scientists are studying the saliva of leeches . They believe the substances that stop or prevent blood clots that someday could be used in humans . The researchers also identified several medical compounds that can be developed from the saliva of leeches . The properties of anticoagulant and clot - digesting these substances makes them potentially useful as a drug for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke . Leeches can be " milked " for their secretions without being harmed , and continues to do research the possibility of engineering synthetic leech saliva . But it still used leeches to suck blood .
Doctors now turn to leeches to help restore blood circulation to grafted tissue and reattached and toes .
For example : microsurgeons at a Boston hospital used leeches to save the ears of a 5 year old boy who had been bitten by a dog died . The leech can remove all solid blood to allow normal circulation to return to the network , thus preventing gangrene from scratch .
At this time , hundreds of thousands of leeches are sold in the U.S. to hospitals , clinics and individuals the European market , much bigger and millions of leeches are sold every year .

Hirudotherapy.

Hirudotherapy is treatment using medical leeches . This type of therapy is known from extreme antiquity and is still alive today . This fact shows effectiveness in healing various diseases . Currently Hirudotherapy method approved by many countries .

Hirudotherapy is treatment using medical leeches

Great experience using medicinal leeches in medical purpose kept up for centuries With the development of science covert action mechanism described leech salivary glands , are biologically active substances included in it was introduced to the public , the influence of leeches on the particular structure of a living organism has been investigated . Some medical forms are made on the basis of biologically active substances from the salivary glands of leeches and work on the creation of a new substance that is by doing a modern Hirudotherapy different from the old-fashioned because now we do not use the wild leeches , instead we use leeches that live in the wild , especially where they are in a natural condition that dirty , we currently use a leech only once .
The advantages are obvious and absolute safety Hirudotherapy checked on thousands of years of human experience and not cause doubts . One of the first substance that is found in the salivary glands of medicinal leeches is hirudin , a substance that thins the blood clotting process , anticoagulating as destabilaza fermentation , ingibitors of plazmine , callecrein of plasmine and others .
Factors diffusion - ferments of gialuronidaza , collagenaza , appressing factors mediators of pain - cininaza , antisclerous factors are also investigated . Thus , medicinal leeches are manufacturing biologically active substances . The result of the action of biologically active substances on living organisms are ;
- Normalization and improvement of capillary circulation ;
- Declare antiinflammatory effects ;
- Antistressful and adaptogene effect ;
- Immunostimulants and immunomodulating effects ;
- Anesthesia ;
- Anticoagulation ;
- Antibacterial Effect ;
- Improvement of the endocellular exhange and realization of this mechanism has both local and general character .
The existence of skin - visceral connection with the organs are definitely famous . biologically active substances act to organ for blood -sucking leeches drug action through Viens . This prompted an increase in blood circulation in specific organs , making trombolitic , anti-inflammatory , immunostimulant action , improve nutrition of tissues , strengthen the immune network . It is impossible for all the diseases that can be treated by using Hirudotherapy , contra - indications with Hirudotherphy is hemophilia ,
pregnancy , anemia , hypotonia .
Hirudotherapy can be applied to any disease known at this time . It can be used as an independent method of treatment and in a complex with other people to know . Doctors know exactly how difficult it is to struggle with chronic inflammatory diseases. The problem is in all types of clinical presentation of the disease organism protection mechanisms are universal-emission inflammatory mediators, vazoconstrictors , apireties and some other biologically active substances into the blood . Everything comes to the aspirations of living organisms to limit the nidus of inflammation by a decrease in blood circulation and capillary permeability - network , the creation of a shaft with conjunctive tissue inflammation and cellular structure and mode of temperature in the area . Given as a result of the concentration of the drug for instance an antibiotic in the nidus of inflammation is much lower than in the blood . Increasing doses of chemical drugs do not solve the problem because of excessive lead to allergies and side effects in other organs ( liver , kidney , bone marrow , glands Endocrin ) . As a result dinemukan many problems ; disbacteriosis , hepatitis , nephropathy , immune deficiency conditions , but chronic inflammation problem for a given patient is not resolved . Here is to remember about Hirudotherapy . Containing biologically active substances in leech saliva glands can restore blood circulation in the nidus of inflammation , ischemia remove organs , giving the exchange capillary network and therefore can perform chemical transport of drugs into the nidus of inflammation , improve immune protection and tissue regeneration . In such conditions the use of the same chemical drugs is possible in smaller doses . These factors do not limit the ability to influence the nidus of inflammation Hirudotherapy . The problem is that in the salivary glands of medicinal leeches there are some substances that are able to withstand bacterias.One growth substances studied were the most hirudin . In experiments on animals and bactericidal action of hirudin has been proven bacteriastatic . The main reason of drug action on thrombophlebitis hirudin example is its bactericidal properties . That's why it became clear that the use of leeches in both aseptic inflammation and the inflammation caused by a bacterial agent helps the organism . Owned medicinal leech salivary gland secrets to penetrate the " axis demarcacional " inflammation is deternimed by the action of a factor of-the - enzyme gialuronidaza penetration . This enzyme is able to act unactivate gialuron acid which is a cementing substance for connective tissue .
feaeture sort Hirudotherapy essentially distinquishes of other treatment methods .
In addition to the above mentioned effects Hirudotherapy it is necessary to remember about the biological influences such as irritation of the active points in zones.It reflex has been long known that leeches prefer to sit in certain areas of the skin that correspond to points of ancient Chinese method of treatment - needleacupuncture . In Hirudotherapy results we receive in the treatment effect is not only due to the action of biologically active substances ' secret leeches , but also in a way that affects the reflex zones .
For example, in the treatment of hypertonic disease biologically active points and cervical occipital regions used and the influence of these points give , vasodilation and hipotenzive effects.The other anesthetic action of the leech is a leech exhaust taking.One blood of 5 to 10 ml of blood .. The bleeding lasts for several hours ( approximately 12-24 hours ) and patients lose about 20-30 ml blood.Thus due to the influence of the leech 5 simulteneously patients 100-250 ml of blood loss and blood this way has the advantage of taking no doubt before taking blood from a vein . Taking blood from the organs associated with pain lasted for about an hour . Therefore , creating conditions of many lasts hours and venous drainage and stable fit of certain areas , in certain areas there is usually improved microcirculation , nutrition network , mobile exchange , venous stagnation usually liquidated and organ ischemia usually eliminated.After course of treatment consists of 5-10 procedures using leeches 4-10 good clinical effect is marked.At cardiovascular pathology circulatory decompensation ( ishemic heart disease , defect intimate ) that points to the heart of authentic leech reduce elevated arterial pressure , leading to reduce stagnation in heart , for increased ventilation of the lungs and heart demolition . The effect comes in direct hipotenzive results and anticoagulating action of hirudin and not a smaller degree by reducing peripheral resistance . In the cardiovascular system disease Hirudotherapy play a special role.It easy to find an explanation for the attention to the conditions mentioned above properties.Besides note hirudin ability to affect blood clotting . Fluid and blood clotting conditions provided by the functional interation of two systems of organisms : anticlotting.The anticlotting support system and blood clotting in a liquid state , protecting it from freezing , which both provide protection from bleeding in violation of the integrity of blood vessels . For patients with ischemic heart disease , hypertension , for parents , for patients with diabetes is a major problem as angiopathy and vessel atherosclerosis - results ; atherosclerosis anyone integrety violation of vessels.which blood supply and turn on the system clotting.In terrible results show most of the heart disease and arterial thrombosis in vessels is an important vital organs. The output of thrombosis is heart infarction , brain , lungs brinding sometimes deadly results . Stimulation fibrinolitic activity and anticlotting systems of the blood in disease , the suppression of the formation trombs , and reduce blood viscosity is needed both with medical purpose and for preventive maintenance of ischemic conditions . The mechanism of action of hirudin on thrombin oppressive investigated . hirudin blocks the action of thrombin and the latter loses its properties , does not promote the transition of fibrinogen to fibrin. Besides secret saliva of medicinal leeches block an attachement anitial of platelets and actually press them on the surface collagenus aggregetion . Thus , the secret saliva of leeches and the influence of the drug on blood plasma cellular factor clotting. In much research writer is indicated that after the leech is no normalization parameter assignment separate from coagulogramme - on anitial combination of hyper coagulation system activates and vice versa anticoagulating is becoming more active . Similar effects were not accepted even when we use a known anticoagulant such as heparin and aspirin . We must add the effects lipotropal enzymes from the salivary glands of leeches which consists in the ability of drugs to influence on blood lipids . At the beginning of this century, some scientists expressed the assumption that the development of atherosclerosis can be prevented by applying medicinal leeches . In the 1984-1989 experiment proved that the introduction of long- secret introvenous salivary glands of medicinal leeches to mice that were presented in conditions very last atherosclerosis has been a reduction in lung lipids and abdominal arteries . It is known that lipoproteids low density and low density lipoproteids greatly promoted the development of atherosclerosis , but the high density lipoproteids antisclerous protective factors play a role . On hearing the disease there ishemic redistribution of cholesterol in the different classes of lipoproteids density . Quantity in lipoproteids it raises low-density and very low density lipoproteids reduced resulting in high lipoproteids . In this group had increased levels of lipid authentic general , triglicerids , cholesterol on artery walls . Many writers are engaged in this sign authentically reduction problem triglicerids and cholesterol in the blood after a few sessions Hirudotherapy . This makes it possible to draw the conclusion that the secret lipotropic ensymes leech saliva drug can be used in the atherosclerotic vessel defects regardless of the primary localization of atherosclerosis . Perhaps the effect of " rejuvenation " can look after emergence Hirudotherapy shine in the eyes , skin elasticity improvement , flush appearance , loss of face mask fatigue in patients , strong sort of patient . That's possible because in this case we are dealing with an increase mechanism Vasku

The nature of Leech Therapy.


The nature of Leech Therapy

leech mouth.

structure leech

Therapeutic properties Hirudotherapy ;

* Common reflexogenic : hypotension
* Bleeds : immunopotentiating
* Internal decongestion : bacteriostatic
* Anticoagulants : anti - inflammatory
* Protective antithrombotic : Local anti - edema
* Thrombolytic : analgesic
* Removal of microcirculation disorders : antiatherosclerotic
* Anti - ischemic : elimination of abnormal interactions between the system

Doctor Miracle called leech .

Applied drugs have hundreds of years of experience in the fight against human disease . Tens of thousands of different mixtures , tablets , vaccines , drugs , etc. have been created - and they are all human treatment effects . And why professional doctors again and again apply to traditional methods of treatment rather old drug tested by our ancestors ? There is no secret that ... All of these methods are based on natural root . That is why we applied the medical center fashioned method " of treatment for hundreds of diseases " -

Hirudotherapy .

Hirudotherapy ( from Latin leech Hirudo - ) is known since ancient times . Along with general bloodletting , has been regarded as a necessary drug in the treatment of different diseases .
Secrets of the medical leech salivary gland contains more than 100 bioactive substances and has anti -inflammatory action , bacteriostatic , analgesic , completing , it eliminates the microcirculation disorders , vascular permeability restore damaged tissues and organs , eliminating hypoxia ( lack of oxygen ) , reducing blood pressure , improving the activity of the immune system , detoxifies the organism , releases from threatening complications , such as infarction , stroke , improving bioenergy status of the organism .
How confidential leech injection is very simple : placed on the skin to bite the skin , then the leech saliva secret falls into the bloodstream and go to the focus of the disease through the vessel .
In medicine we use hirudoreflexotherapy put leeches on reflexogenic point as " needle Life " .

Indications for treatment with medicinal leeches :

* Cardiovascular diseases , including essential hypertension and ischemic
   diseases , diseases
   phlebogene of the lower extremities ;
* Chronic bronchitis , pneumonia , bronchial asthma ;
* Digestive tract diseases ( hepatitis , cholecystitis , pancreatitis , gastric ulcer ) ;
* ENT Disease ;
* Paradontosis and other dental diseases ;
* Urological diseases ;
* Male sterility ;
* Skin diseases ( neurodermatitis , psoriasis , eczema , herpes ) ;
* Gynecological disorders ( commissural process in the small pelvis ,
* Female infertility ,
* Adnexitis chronic , parametritis ,
* Endometriosis , fibromastopathy ) ;
* Systemic diseases ( rheumatoid arthritis , systemic lupus erythematosus , scleroderma ) ;
* Osteochondrosis and radiculitis ;
* Eye diseases , including glaucoma ;
* Infantile cerebral paralysis ( ICP ) and other diseases .
* Therapy Hirudotherapy properties :

Blood shortage.

Leech therapy is always associated with a certain degree of blood loss , which is clinically irrelevant in most cases . In clinical trials by Michalsen , losses mean hemoglobin 0.7 mg / dL of blood loss , and clinically relevant not occur in any of the patients studied . However , there is a strong afterbleeding isolated observations with a decrease in hemoglobin value , especially in cases where the leech was accidentally applied directly to the superficial veins . According to the Essen - Mitte Hospital , clinically relevant decrease in hemoglobin ( > 3 mg / dL ) occurred after leech therapy in two patients , one of whom required blood transfusion ( after being treated with six leeches for osteoarthritis of the knee ) . Asked retrospective , one patient stated that he was , in his opinion , prolonged bleeding injuries in the past . In other cases , afterbleeding from leech bites lasted for 36 hours and must be stopped by skin sutures . extensive coagulation test is then performed but did not reveal any specific coagulation disorders . Prior to the occurrence of abnormal bleeding anamnestically seem important , and patients should be specifically questioned about the incident . Anticoagulants are drugs simultaneously important to see . If low-dose aspirin is prescribed in combination with other platelet aggregation inhibitors ( clopidogrel , Iscover , Plavix ) or high -dose fish oil ( Omacor ) , a small number of leeches ( 3-4 ) should be used initially. blood counts should always be obtained before the start of leech therapy. To reliably prevent the loss of the relevant amount of blood , the leech therapist should never use more than 12 twisters in a single treatment session .

Impaired Wound Healing , superinfection , and Allergies .

Once the leech drops off , the edge of the wound three branches generally swell during 12-48 hours accompanied by feelings of local tension , hot , and flushed . Small blood spots ( ecchymoses ) develop under the skin around the bite of a leech . larger collection of blood rarely develops . Such as superficial bruises , blood spots initially reddish purple , then turn yellowish , and finally disappeared in about two weeks . Localized inflammation , sometimes with papulous height of the bite site , is a relatively common problem that is often accompanied by itching . This inflammation usually subsides quickly when the ice and left . The cause of this disorder is unknown wound - healing . improper handling , especially early termination afterbleeding from wounds , leech head squeezed with pliers , strong deletion of leeches before finished eating , and the failure to keep the animals in freshwater , has frequently been implicated as a potential cause . However , it has also been observed to occur right after leech treatment in isolated cases . Theoretically, Aeromonas hydrophila local infection with a potential cause , but so far there is no evidence of microbiological presence of Aeromonas hydrophila in the wound fluid of affected patients . more severe local inflammation is most often caused by secondary wound contamination or irritation due to mechanical irritation , such as scratching and rubbing . Patients should be informed of the overall importance of protecting the wound from mechanical irritation . According to survey hospitals , more severe local inflammation occurs in three isolated cases : One patient developed erysipelas and two lymphangitis being developed . All cases resolved rapidly in response to treatment with cephalosporin antibiotics and / or gyrase inhibitors . Obedience localization contraindications and recommendations to minimize the risk of local inflammation . In case it is not clear where the progressive and painful skin redness develops , especially if it is associated with increased temperature , the leech therapist should know to administer antibiotics immediately . Pseudolymphomas may occur in rare cases , this is caused by efflorescences papulous reaction to arthropod bites leech . Currently , no data are used to assess the exact frequency of these side effects . To our knowledge , a total of three documented and confirmed cases have been reported .
It is difficult to distinguish the wound - healing secondary disturbance of potential allergic reactions . precise data on the frequency of allergic reactions to the bite of a leech is not available . Local itching , a common side effect of leeching , should not be construed as an allergic reaction . allergic reactions such as urticaria firmly while and locodistant swelling have been reported in a few isolated cases . However , local symptoms , reflex erythema and urticarial dermographism psychovegetatively unstable individuals have been studied more frequently . An older case reports describe the occurrence of short -term anaphylactic shock after six leeches applied to the temple area . Some experts manage systemic antihistamines leech therapy for the treatment of localized allergic reaction to ( empirical ) good success . However , response rates for both antihistamines are not evidence per se of allergens : A certain level of placebo response to antihistamines should also be taken into account . Which may be boosting existing antibiotics allergic to leech therapy is also proposed in case reports .
When interpreting a local reaction that occurs after leech therapy , it is important to remember that the protease in the saliva of leeches release various types of mediators nonimmunological . Furthermore , the reaction may be exacerbated by factors psychovegetative . All in all , there are only a few cases in which a relationship between leech therapy and the occurrence of allergic reactions has been proven with reasonable certainty . However , potential allergic reactions occur after exposure to any foreign protein . Contact dermatitis has also been observed after the use of leeches ointment .
Short-term reactive swelling and / or tenderness of the lymph nodes proximal have occasionally been reported , but most often in patients with delayed wound healing . This phenomenon has most often develops in the groin area after application of leeches for the treatment of knee joint , hip joint , or varicose veins . Quickly and smoothly loss swollen lymph nodes all of which are described in case reports .

Blood poisoning .

Sepsis due to systemic infection with Aeromonas hydrophila has been repeatedly observed after application of leeches in reconstructive surgery indications , but not in any of the other relevant fields used . This supports the conclusion that the risk of Aeromonas hydrophila sepsis increased only in patients with severe underlying disease or immunosuppression , which often occur in surgical candidates for leech therapy . Therefore we recommend concurrent antibiotic treatment for all surgical patients receiving leech therapy . In the rest of the field of use , the primary antibiotic therapy does not seem to be required in accordance with the current state of knowledge , but must be considered relevant contraindications .

Transmission of Infectious Diseases .

At this time , medicinal leeches are generally only used once . Therefore , there is no risk of indirect transfer of infectious diseases from one patient to another . Aeromonas hydrophila primary infection with clinically relevant only if the leech goes for transplant surgery . Concurrent antibiotic treatment therefore recommended for prophylaxis of infection in these cases ( see above ) . Transmission of pathogenic bacteria or other viruses to humans in the context of leech therapy has not been observed so far .

Scars.

If allowed , the former is usually rapid leech shrunk to hardly visible or invisible signs three small branches disappear completely within one to three weeks . However , if the impaired wound healing wounds due to scratching or secondary infections , scars will remain visible for a long time significantly . Papulous skin changes over the last few months have also been reported in isolated cases . In one case , a " reaction to arthropod " permanent also been reported after treatment leeches . Significant scarring may occur especially when leeches are applied to
areas with thin skin and a thin layer of subcutaneous tissue or joint area where the skin is constant movement . Wearing tight clothing after treatment , for example, around the knee , can also result in scar formation .
For aesthetic reasons , the control is recommended when using leeches in the face or in part apparent and other relevant cosmetics from the body . Here , we re- emphasize that it is necessary to thoroughly inform patients about the potential risks of treatment , including scar tissue , and to obtain written informed consent from the patient before going ahead with the treatment .

Safety and Side Effects Leech Therapy .

leech therapy rarely ever lead to serious complications . Local pain medication and short-term side effects itching usual . Prior to treatment , patients should be advised accordingly and asked to sign a consent form that describes the side effects that are relevant ( see Appendix ) . Prevalence data from systematic and prospective studies are only available for a few different side effects of leech therapy . The following analysis is compiled using data from published efficacy studies and case reports , as well as from personal observation . Quality control data on adverse events documented in more than 1000 cases treated at the Hospital Essen - Mitte , especially for the treatment of degenerative joint disease , is also included in the analysis .

Local Pain During Treatment .

Local pain perception varies leeching . Most patients describe the local dragging pain that occurs immediately after leech bites and lasts for about one to five minutes . Such as saliva more and more introduced into the network , the anesthetic effect of leech saliva comes into force . The intensity of the pain from the bite of the leech and the first phase is generally described as a light meal or ignored ( depending on the individual 's pain threshold ) , but some patients find the pain is more intense , similar to a wasp sting . Perceived intensity of leech bites varies from one person to another . subjective pain ratings ranged from " hardly noticeable " to " mild " ( similar to stinging nettle pain ) to " similar to a wasp sting " ( very rare ) . Sensation ( or sometimes a bit strong ) rhythmic normally attract little attention for one to three minutes after the start of feeding .
Does stimulation of the same intensity exactly considered painful or not perceived at all of course depends on the personality of the individual , but also depends on the concentration of the people on the leech or leech therapy attitudes toward . Individual leech jaw size , bite force , the intensity of suction , and the volume and composition of leech saliva also plays a role . Many people never even notice the bites of leeches , for example when they are bitten under the water , while their attention is focused on something else . Often , patients are more anxious that focuses on getting ready for the leech bite , the higher the perception of pain . Leech therapist should keep in mind during the preparation phase and during treatment . A diversion can often help . It is also useful to allow the patient to " get to know " "his" or " her " to convince the leech and leech treatment of patients with a confident manner . If latex gloves must be worn for health reasons , the leech therapist does not have to use forceps on leeches . Many patients lose their aversion to leeches when they show how they swim and elegant beautiful colored patterns on their backs shown . Many people report that the patient's attitude toward the leech changes from negative to positive after a positive treatment experience . Most of the concerns are projected to leech is based on ancient fears rather than on objective facts . We also recommend that kill leeches in front of the patient . If leeches had to be killed after treatment , the animals should be frozen and placed in a solution of 90 % alcohol a few days later .

Itching local .

Transient leech bites itch in place within the first few days after treatment is very common and should not be mistaken for an allergic reaction . In a study of the efficacy of leech therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee , approximately 70 % of patients treated with leeches developed local itching that lasts an average of two days . Transient itching occurs at a frequency that is comparable , but the level of intensity is strong in many cases in which leeches were applied to the more peripheral joints , such as the thumb , but at lower levels after treatment of large joints and vertebrogenic zone , according to empirical assessment . Patients can be advised prior to treatment side effects . Patients should not scratch the bites of leeches , especially after the initial wound closure , because it often delays wound healing . We recommend local cooling solution ( curd wraps , cold moist wrap , wrap vinegar ) . For more severe itching , antipruritic commercial products ( eg , ointment Fenistil ) or oral antihistamines may be used . Some experts prescribe oral antihistamines leech therapy to patients in conjunction with a known history of a severe reaction ( itching and redness of the skin ) for leech therapy . Isolated reports describe brief relapse hives are in certain situations ( eg , high temperature ) for several months after an otherwise uneventful course of leech therapy .

Hypotension and Vasovagal attack.

Patients with a history of developing vasovagal attack or syncope ( fainting ) before other invasive treatment methods also can develop a reaction like that at the start of or during leech therapy . One survey showed that vasovagal attack occurs in one of 1000 leech treatment performed in our hospital . Therefore , the leech therapist should always ask about the patient's prior history of vasovagal attack or pass out before procedures such as blood sampling or acupuncture . To guard against vasovagal attack , the patient should drink plenty of fluids before and during treatment , and treatment should always be done in a soothing environment while the patient is lying down . Two cases of hypotension and syncope outpatient Vasodepressor following leech therapy were also observed . Both patients known arterial hypertension and three antihypertensive drugs , which they continue to take as normal . A few hours after leech therapy , two patients developed a brief attack of benign syncope . It is important to remember that leeching has known antihypertensive effects when treating patients on antihypertensive drugs . Patients should drink plenty of fluids . If there is a strong flow of blood from leech bites , the patient's blood pressure should be monitored and antihypertensive medications should be adjusted as needed .
Prior to treatment , patients should be advised accordingly and asked to sign a consent form that describes the side effects that are relevant ( see Appendix ) . Prevalence data from systematic and prospective studies are only available for a few different side effects of leech therapy . The following analysis is compiled using data from published efficacy studies and case reports , as well as from personal observation . Quality control data on adverse events documented in more than 1000 cases treated at the Hospital Essen - Mitte , especially for the treatment of degenerative joint disease , is also included in the analysis .

Local Pain During Treatment .

Local pain perception varies leeching . Most patients describe the local dragging pain that occurs immediately after leech bites and lasts for about one to five minutes . Such as saliva more and more introduced into the network , the anesthetic effect of leech saliva comes into force . The intensity of the pain from the bite of the leech and the first phase is generally described as a light meal or ignored ( depending on the individual 's pain threshold ) , but some patients find the pain is more intense , similar to a wasp sting . Perceived intensity of leech bites varies from one person to another . subjective pain ratings ranged from " hardly noticeable " to " mild " ( similar to stinging nettle pain ) to " similar to a wasp sting " ( very rare ) . Sensation ( or sometimes a bit strong ) rhythmic normally attract little attention for one to three minutes after the start of feeding .
Does stimulation of the same intensity exactly considered painful or not perceived at all of course depends on the personality of the individual , but also depends on the concentration of the people on the leech or leech therapy attitudes toward . Individual leech jaw size , bite force , the intensity of suction , and the volume and composition of leech saliva also plays a role . Many people never even notice the bites of leeches , for example when they are bitten under the water , while their attention is focused on something else . Often , patients are more anxious that focuses on getting ready for the leech bite , the higher the perception of pain . Leech therapist should keep in mind during the preparation phase and during treatment . A diversion can often help . It is also useful to allow the patient to " get to know " "his" or " her " to convince the leech and leech treatment of patients with a confident manner . If latex gloves must be worn for health reasons , the leech therapist does not have to use forceps on leeches . Many patients lose their aversion to leeches when they show how they swim and elegant beautiful colored patterns on their backs shown . Many people report that the patient's attitude toward the leech changes from negative to positive after a positive treatment experience . Most of the concerns are projected to leech is based on ancient fears rather than on objective facts . We also recommend that kill leeches in front of the patient . If leeches had to be killed after treatment , the animals should be frozen and placed in a solution of 90 % alcohol a few days later .

Itching local .

Transient leech bites itch in place within the first few days after treatment is very common and should not be mistaken for an allergic reaction . In a study of the efficacy of leech therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee , approximately 70 % of patients treated with leeches developed local itching that lasts an average of two days . Transient itching occurs at a frequency that is comparable , but the level of intensity is strong in many cases in which leeches were applied to the more peripheral joints , such as the thumb , but at lower levels after treatment of large joints and vertebrogenic zone , according to empirical assessment . Patients can be advised prior to treatment side effects . Patients should not scratch the bites of leeches , especially after the initial wound closure , because it often delays wound healing . We recommend local cooling solution ( curd wraps , cold moist wrap , wrap vinegar ) . For more severe itching , antipruritic commercial products ( eg , ointment Fenistil ) or oral antihistamines may be used . Some experts prescribe oral antihistamines leech therapy to patients in conjunction with a known history of a severe reaction ( itching and redness of the skin ) for leech therapy . Isolated reports describe brief relapse hives are in certain situations ( eg , high temperature ) for several months after an otherwise uneventful course of leech therapy .

Hypotension and Vasovagal attack .

Patients with a history of developing vasovagal attack or syncope ( fainting ) before other invasive treatment methods also can develop a reaction like that at the start of or during leech therapy . One survey showed that vasovagal attack occurs in one of 1000 leech treatment performed in our hospital . Therefore , the leech therapist should always ask about the patient's prior history of vasovagal attack or pass out before procedures such as blood sampling or acupuncture . To guard against vasovagal attack , the patient should drink plenty of fluids before and during treatment , and treatment should always be done in a soothing environment while the patient is lying down . Two cases of hypotension and syncope outpatient Vasodepressor following leech therapy were also observed . Both patients known arterial hypertension and three antihypertensive drugs , which they continue to take as normal . A few hours after leech therapy , two patients developed a brief attack of benign syncope . It is important to remember that leeching has known antihypertensive effects when treating patients on antihypertensive drugs . Patients should drink plenty of fluids . If there is a strong flow of blood from leech bites , the patient's blood pressure should be monitored and antihypertensive medications should be adjusted as needed .

Medicinal leeches .

Approximately 600 species of leeches have been identified to date , but only about 15 are used in the treatment . Leeches classified as " medicinal leeches " , Hirudo medicinalis , in the narrow sense has been used to treat patients for centuries .
The first documented account of the use of Hirudo medicinalis for medicinal purposes dates back to the time of Hippocrates . According to Sanskrit writings , Dhavantari , the father of Indian medicine , held nectar in one hand and a leech on the other hand . Leech therapy is also used in traditional Chinese medicine . Paintings of medicinal leeches have been found in the tombs of pharaohs . The Solomon Parables also describe leech treatment use in ancient medicine . Leech therapy in the treatment of Greece can be found in the poem by Nicandros Alexipharmacia . The Roman physician Galen classified leech terapy as a method to achieve a healthy balance . Avicenna also used leeches for healing aids . In the past leeches have proven the most effective treatment in many cases . Leeches were especially useful in the treatment of battle wounds . European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries imported over 100 million leeches every year to meet the high demand .
Currently , doctors use leeches for treating abscesses , painful joints , glaucoma , myasthenia , and to heal venous diseases and thrombosis . Medical leeches are used in plastic surgery , to improve brain circulation and for the treatment of infertility .
Common indications for leech therapy are :
inflammatory reaction
Heart Disease
Rheumatic Diseases
Tendovaginitis and Tendinitis
Venous Disease and Varicose Veins
arthrosis
arthritis
muscle tension
Antidyscratic therapy ( blood purification and regeneration ) of toxicoses and mental illness
Thrombosis and embolism
Passive congestions and spastic conditions
Vertebrogenic Pain Syndromes
Transudates and exudates
A simple principle lies at the heart of all miracles - Hirudo . During feeding, leeches secrete a complex mixture of different biologically and pharmacologically active ingredients into the wound . Hirudin is the best known component of leech saliva . Hirudin is sometimes used to describe all the active substances in leech saliva . In fact , hirudin only refer to a particular active substance in leech salive . Component of leech saliva drug effects in the host's body is :
* Hirudin : Inhibits blood coagulation by binding to thrombin
* Calin : Inhibits blood clots by blocking the binding of von factors
   Willebrand for collagen . Inhibit collagen - mediated platelet aggregation
* Destabilase : Monomerizing activities . Soluble fibrin . effects of thrombolytic
* Hirustasin : Inhibits kallikrein , trypsin , chymotrypsin , cathepsin G neutropholic
* Bdellins : Anti - inflammatory . Inhibit trypsin , plasmin , acrosin
* Hyaluronidase : Increasing the viscosity of the interstitial . antibiotic
* Tryptase inhibitors : Inhibits proteolytic enzymes of host mast cells
* Eglins : Anti - inflammatory. Inhibit the activity of alpha - chymotrypsin, chymase, substilisin, elastase, cathepsin G
Inhibiting Factor Xa inhibitors : coagulation factor xa activity by forming
  equimolar complex
* Inhibitors : Complementary May possibly replace natural complement inhibitors if they lack
* Carboxypeptidase : A inhibitors Increases blood flow at the site of the bite
* Histaminelike : vasodilator substances . Increases blood flow at the site of the bite
* Acetylcholine : vasodilator
* Subsctance anesthesia : anesthesia

Effects leech bites .

Although some types of blood sucking leeches , not all species can bite , only 90 % of their feed from decomposing bodies and open wounds of amphibians , reptiles, waterfowl, fish , and mammals ( including , but not limited to , humans ) . A leech attaches when biting , and will remain attached to having a blood content . Because anticoagulant ( hirudin ) that leeches secrete , bites may bleed more than normal wound after the leech removed. Effect of anticoagulants will disappear a few hours after the leech is removed and the wound cleaned .
Leeches normally carry parasites in their digestive tract that can not survive in humans and do not pose a threat . However , bacteria , viruses , and parasites from previous blood sources can survive within a leech for months , and may be transmitted back to humans . A study found both HIV and hepatitis in African leeches from Cameroon . ( Hirudotherapy ethics therefore is always using leeches that had never been used )
Although some types of blood sucking leeches, not all species can bite, only 90% of their feed from decomposing bodies and open wounds of amphibians, reptiles, waterfowl, fish, and mammals (including, but not limited to, humans). A leech attaches when biting, and will remain attached to having a blood content. Because anticoagulant (hirudin) that leeches secrete, bites may bleed more than normal wound after the leech removed. Effect of anticoagulants will disappear a few hours after the leech is removed and the wound cleaned. Leeches normally carry parasites in their digestive tract that can not survive in humans and do not pose a threat. However, bacteria, viruses, and parasites from previous blood sources can survive within a leech for months, and may be transmitted back to humans.
A study found both HIVdan hepatitis in African leeches from Cameroon. (Hirudotherapy ethics therefore is always using leeches that had never been used).
So , thank you for reading this article . Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2014/01/did-you-know-about-leeches-?.html
DatePublished: January 27, 2014 at 11:30
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Tag ; Did You Know About Leeches?,leeches.

Saturday, 24 January 2015

Did you know Famous Shortest Man In The World.

Having a deficiency is not an obstacle to be special, and people - these people prove it, they do not have a high body like most other living human being, but they do not stop dreaming with his ideals.

Some of the most famous shortest man in the world are :

Ajay Kumar (World's Smallest Actor).

Ajay Kumar
Comedy actor Ajay Kumar India has been officially recognized as the world's smallest actor. Kumar, who has a height of 75 cm has made it into the Guinness Book of World Records after starring in 50 films over 13 years of age. Better known by his stage name Unda Pakru, little star has become the surname in its original area, Kerala
After achieving fame and fortune through his acting, Ajay even considered a qualified success desired a family who wants to find a good husband for their daughters. married in 2005 with his wife Gayatri which has a height of 150 cm, her wedding was broadcast on local television throughout the western Indian state power.

Chen Li Guilan & Tangyong (World's Shortest Couple).

Chen Li Guilan & Tangyong
Two Chinese citizens newlyweds hoping to get into the record books as the world's shortest couple. Chen Guilan, 70 cm, from the city of Shunde, China, married Li Tangyong, 67 cm in October 2007.



Edward Nino Hernandez (Smallest Man World Record holder September 2010).

Edward Nino Hernandez
 Edward Nino Hernandez is officially referred to as the world's shortest living man on September 4, 2010, by the Guinness World Records. At the age of 24 years Hernandez has a 0.7 m high, and weighs 10 kg. Hernandez lives in Bogota, Colombia, and the body does not grow anymore since anniversary 2nya.Mengapa body growth stops, however, it remains a mystery. Record Hernandez ended on October 14, 2010 when Khagendra Thapa Magar of Nepal declared shorter aged 18 thereof.

Khagendra Thapa Magar (Smallest Man World Record Holder in October 2010).

Khagendra Thapa Magar
Khagendra Thapa Magar (born October 14, 1992), son Rup Bahadur Thapa Magar and Dhana Maya, is the shortest man in the world, with a height of 0.67 m. Previously, he held the record for the world's shortest teenager, Magar holds the record for the shortest man replace Edward Nino Hernandez when he turned 18 on Oct. 14, 2010. Magar is a primordial dwarf. He lost record title "World's Shortest Man" on June 12, 2011, replaced Junrey Balawing of Philippines

Jyoti Amge (World's Smallest Girl).

Jyoti Amge
Jyoti Amge Indian teenager 15 years is the smallest girl in the world with approximately 5kg weight and height of about 58 cm. He has a form of dwarfism called achodroplasia and will never grow taller.
Although not so happy with his physical state, Jyoti now proud to be the smallest in the world and he's got a lot of special attention from the people around him. Jyoti has hopes that one day she entered Bollywood as an actress.




Junrey Balawing (Current World Smallest Man).

Junrey Balawing
A Filipino man who stands less than two feet awarded 18th anniversary of Guinness World Records - the official title as the world's shortest man. Junrey Balawing, son of the village blacksmith Sindangan in the southern Philippines, has only 23.5 inches high and mysteriously stopped growing when he was two months old, his parents said. Balawing earned the title of world's shortest adult man from the Guinness officials at a ceremony in the coastal city, where he was fed with roast pork, cake, balloons and gifts.

Stacey Herald (World's Smallest Mother).

Stacey Herald
The world's smallest mother has given birth for the third time - even though he had plenty of warning that he was risking his life. Stacey Herald, which has only 70 cm, was told that becoming pregnant could kill, but to dare to challenge doctors to have two babies half her height.
Women's 35-year-old from Dry Ridge, Kentucky, in the US suffers from Osteogenesis Imperfecta, which causes brittle bones and lungs expand, and means she failed to grow. Mrs Herald, who uses a wheelchair, and her husband Will, which is about 175 cm, eagerly awaiting the birth of their third baby, in the next four weeks.
Because of his size he could not prevent and teach her daughter to walk him a lot depends on her husband. He recognizes when pregnant feel very uncomfortable and was bedridden for weeks. The couple met in 2000 while working for a supermarket in their home town

Aditya "Romeo" Dev (World's Smallest Bodybuilder).

Aditya "Romeo" Dev
Aditya "Romeo" Dev, who has only 0.84 m high is the world's smallest bodybuilder. Pint-sized Romeo is famous in his hometown of Phagwara, India - for his ability to lift 1.5kg dumbbells - despite the overall weight of 9 kg. Every day, crowds flocked to the local gym to see a mini-muscled man in training.
While most dwarfs have larger heads compared to their bodies, Romeo perfectly proportioned, and although small stature, his body has triceps, biceps, calves and thighs that would make a lot of adult males shame. He is recognized by the Guinness Book of Records in 2006 after three months of intense training.

Shannon Bobbitt (shortest Professional Basketball Players of the World).

Shannon Bobbitt
Compared with the other members of this list, Shannon may look like a giant, but in the basketball world where every inch, he was known for being the shortest professional player ever.
One of eight children and came from the Bronx, New York, Bobbitt honed his basketball ability in the Harlem neighborhood.
After a career in college basketball star with a high "Bobbitt won two Division I national title at the University of Tennessee. He decided to enter the WNBA and began his professional career playing basketball as a point guard for the Los Angeles Sparks.


Gul Mohammed (Shortest Man In The World That Never documented).

Gul Mohammed
Gul Muhammad (February 15, 1957 - October 1, 1997) New Delhi, India, according to The Guinness Book of World Records, becoming the shortest man who never existed and its own height independently verified. On July 19, 1990, he Ram Manohar Lohia measured by the Hospital, New Delhi, India, and he has a 57 cm tall and weighs 17.0 kg. He died on October 1, 1997, of respiratory complications after a long struggle with asthma and bronchitis, which he suffered because he was a heavy smoker. Thank you for reading this article.
Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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DatePublished: January 24, 2015 at 19:18
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Do You Know the Signs You Should Move Work.

Signs You Need to Move Work.

Small or Large Offices, Convenience and Efficiency Still Important
The average office employee working hours are 8 to 9 hours. That is, every day, you spend a third of your life in the office. She found it in vain if this much time is spent with complaining and various other things that make you unhappy. Perhaps it is time for you to resign and move the work to another company, or a businessman?


If you experience some of these things, the sign you must immediately give goodbye to co-workers.

1. You are so hate Mondays

Feel sad when the weekend comes to an end and back Monday was a natural thing. But if you imagine in the office, work, meet the boss, meet colleagues, and all that will happen on Monday, then you feel disgust, fear, and even stress, meaning that you do not want to be there. Maybe you just have to survive for the sake of a job? But why torture yourself and spend a third of your life in a place that you hate, while many others who enjoy their work?

2. You work not with hearts

The ideal job is when we do what we love. Indeed, not everyone is so lucky, but if you love your job, do the daily activities at the office would not be heavy. Even if you work hard, you can still have fun in the office. But if you begin to feel forced, or even hate, do chores in the office, until you find excuses to not get in the office, for what followed?

3. The relationship with the boss is not good

The usual grumpy boss. To watch out for is if your relationship with the boss is worse than the boss relationship with your colleagues. A bad sign up anyway if you have to resolve your problems with your boss boss boss over, or through the HR department (HRD).

4. Your ability is not considered

You graduate management S2, but in this office you are only given the task of doing things for granted. Many times you ask promoted or given more responsibility, but the petition was never ignored. Do not waste your talents and potential for companies who do not appreciate it.

5. The future of your company is not clear

Your company in debt, some departments were closed, a large number of employees laid off, the pay is not paid for two months. If the company is like a boat, immediately you save yourself before participating sink.

6. Principles and the company you are not in line

You are a very loving environment, but you are working in a company known to pollute the environment. Initially you might still be able to compromise, but if it still bother you and even make your stress, look for other companies that are in line with your principles.

7. Your Salary inadequate

Usually fresh graduate alias newly graduated college and have zero experience was willing to accept a job with a salary below the standard. But it was supposed to be accompanied by a note that in a year or two years there will be a raise. If your age is more than 27 years and you still paid below the standard, whereas the same job in another company salary many times, it's time you look for another opportunity. Of course, this applies if your request for a pay rise but never ignored.

8. You do not like your work colleagues

The work will be lighter weight and fun if done with the people you love. Even co-workers could be the reason we are excited to go to work on Monday. But if you do not have a close friend in the office, or did not hang out with them because they feel do not fit, lunch was always alone, co-workers do not treat you well, and you are often involved in a confrontation with a co-worker, it's time to say goodbye on them.

9. You eat salary blind

What you do in the office most of browsing on the internet is not related to work, and then hang out and chat with co-workers, and not doing anything. Tasty indeed, because you are still paid even if you do not contribute. But this means that you are "not considered" by the company. You productive or not, the company did not care. In fact, you may not enter the office was no overall effect on the company's workflow. Beware, might you kicked out of the company because it is soluble in the behavior of "eating salary blind" is.

10. You are still looking for jobs elsewhere

No harm in finding out what opportunities and opportunities that exist out there. But if most of your time spent looking for a job on the internet, or any meet your friends always say, "There are no vacancies, in the office?", Meaning that you really want out of your company. Follow the conscience. Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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DatePublished: January 24, 2015 at 16:57
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Benefits of Drinking Water Warm In The Morning.


Benefits of Drinking Water Warm In The Morning.
People who are dieting often prefer to drink warm water because it is believed to be faster to lose weight and have many health benefits. What are the benefits?

Some of the benefits of drinking warm water are :

1. Cleaning and purification

One of the most important benefits of drinking hot water is effective in cleansing the body. Poor digestive system can be easily treated by drinking a glass of hot water twice a day, especially when taken in the early morning. It will remove toxins from the body and cleanse the body system. You can mix hot water with honey or lemon for best results.

2. Cure constipation

It is a common stomach problems that occur due to lack of water in the body, thereby reducing bowel movement. Drink a glass of warm water on an empty stomach in the morning can improve bowel movement and cure constipation. Hot or warm water can break down food particles and pass through the gut.

3. Lose weight

Many dieticians ask patients to drink a glass of hot water with lemon and honey every day to lose weight. Well, this advice is very helpful in losing weight. Hot water can damage the fat from the body and helps in weight loss.

4. Drugs for flu and cough

Irritation of the throat due to cough or tonsils can be really painful. One of the health benefits of drinking hot or warm water, reduce sore throat, cough and sputum help out with ease.

5. Remove the sweat

When drinking hot beverages, you will sweat a lot. When the body temperature rises, the body tries to cool the temperature through sweating. Sweating helps clean the skin cells to take excess water and salt from the cells and the body.

6. Increase the blood flow

When you drink hot water, fat deposits in the body burned and pile in the nervous system are also parsed. This will increase blood circulation in the body and also secrete harmful toxins.

7. Reduce pain

Drink a glass of hot water is an effective home remedy to cure menstrual cramps. If you experience abdominal pain, headache or body, drink a glass of hot water is instant relief. Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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DatePublished: January 24, 2015 at 16:21
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Tuesday, 20 January 2015

Did you know President Sukarno in the World Currency.

Figure Stamps neighboring countries that there is a picture of Sukarno.



In Superpower.

President Sukarno in a Superpower.
President Sukarno had just arrived at the airport in Washington DC, USA, at noon. Accompanied by the vice president, Richard Nixon, Bung Karno full greeted by US troops with 21 shots of honor. Bung Karno arrived in Washington in order to visit the US for 18 days at the invitation of US President Dwight David Eisenhower (Photo: May 16, 1956).


President Sukarno and US President Kennedy, sitting together in an open car

President Sukarno and US President Kennedy, sitting together in an open car, were passing through the honor guard at the US Air Force base, MD.
Bung Karno came to the US in order to talk the problem incidents Cuba (Photo: April 24, 1961).

Together with former colonial powers.

President Sukarno was guest of honor the Emperor of Japan, Hirohito, and Prince Akihito.

President Sukarno was guest of honor the Emperor of Japan, Hirohito, and Prince Akihito. Bung Karno hosted a lunch at the imperial palace in Tokyo (Photo: 3 February 1958).

A magazine cover TIMES 1946


President Sukarno became TIMES magazine cover 1946


Go International.

President Sukarno stood side by side with the four leaders of the Non-Aligned countries after they finished a meeting.

President Sukarno stood side by side with the four leaders of the Non-Aligned countries after they finished a meeting. From left to right: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Prime Minister of India), Kwame Nkrumah (Ghana President), Gamal Abdul Nasser (President of Egypt), Bung Karno, and Tito (Yugoslavia President). Fifth leader of the non-aligned countries held a meeting which resulted in an appeal to the US President Eisenhower (US President) and Prime Minister "USSR" / Russia, Nikita Khruschev, so they do diplomacy talks back (Photo: 29 September 1960).


President Sukarno with the Prime Minister of France, Pompidou (Photo: 1965).


President Sukarno was having a conversation with Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado (left), and the Prime Minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro (right) in Havana, Cuba (Photo: May 9, 1960).


President Sukarno arrived at the airport in Karachi, Pakistan. Accompanied by the President of Pakistan, Iskander Ali Mirza, Bung Karno seemed to be saluted, flanked by the flags of Indonesia and Pakistan flag (Photo: January 25, 1958).
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
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DatePublished: January 20, 2015 at 15:41
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You Need to Know Designer emblem of the Republic of Indonesia.


Emblem of the Republic of Indonesia.


Garuda Panca Sila.

All citizens of the Republic of Indonesia, who does not know an eagle air-shield necklace that summarizes the five principles (Pancasila).  But where are the Indonesian people who know, who the maker of the first symbol of the country? He is Sultan Hamid II, who was born with the name Abdul Hamid Sharif Alkadrie, the eldest son of the Sultan of Pontianak; Sultan Sharif Muhammad Alkadrie. Born in London dated July 12, 1913.

Sultan Sharif Muhammad Alkadrie. Born in London dated July 12, 1913.

In her blood flowing Indonesia, Saudi although never taken care of a foster mother British. His wife, a Dutch woman who gave birth to two children, both chambers are now in the Netherlands.

Sharif Abdul Hamid Alkadrie ELS educated in Sukabumi, Pontianak, Yogyakarta and Bandung. HBS in Bandung one year, ths Bandung did not finish, then KMA in Breda, the Netherlands to graduate and earned the rank of lieutenant in the Dutch East Indies army units.

When Japan defeated the Netherlands and its allies, on March 10, 1942, he was captured and released when the Japanese surrendered to the Allies and got promoted to colonel. When his father died as a result of aggression of Japan, on October 29, 1945 he was appointed Sultan of Pontianak succeeded his father with the title of Sultan Hamid II. In the struggle federalism, Sultan Hamid II gained an important position as deputy Special Region of West Kalimantan (DIKB) based on the 1949 constitution RIS and always participated in negotiations Malino, Denpasar, BFO, BFC, IJC and the RTC in Indonesia and the Netherlands. Sultan Hamid II then obtain positions in Buitenfgewone Dienst Ajudant Koningin der Nederlanden bij HN, which is a highest rank as an assistant to the queen of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the first Indonesian to obtain the highest rank in the military. On 21-22 December 1949, a few days after the appointed Minister of State Zonder Porto Folio, Westerling who have committed treason in the country offers "over commando" to him, but he refused firmly. Because know Westerling is kingpin APRA. Then he went to the Netherlands, and on January 2, 1950, after returning from the Windmill State he was disappointed on delivery of troops to West Kalimantan - because not include his men from the Colonial Army. At the same time, events that stir; Westerling invaded Bandung on 23 January 1950. Sultan Hamid II do not agree with the actions of his subordinates, Westerling was in a rage. When the United States of Indonesia was established, he was appointed Minister of State Zonder Porto Folio and for the post of the state minister assigned by President Soekarno planning, designing and formulating a picture symbol of the state. From the transcript of the recording dialogue with Masagung Sultan Hamid II (1974) when the file submission documents state emblem design process, mentioned "the idea of Pancasila shield" appears when the Sultan Hamid II was designing the state emblem.

He remembered the words of President Sukarno, that the symbol should reflect the outlook of the nation state, the Indonesian state, in which the basic precepts of the state Pancasila symbol visualized in the state. January 10, 1950 a Technical Committee with the name badge State Committee under the Minister of State coordinator Zonder Porto Folio Sultan Hamid II with the composition of the technical committee as chairman M Yamin, Ki Hajar Devantoro, MA Pellaupessy, Mohammad Natsir, and RM Ng Purbatjaraka as members. The committee in charge of selecting the proposed design for the selected symbol of the state and submitted to the government. Referring Bung Hatta description in the book "Bung Hatta Answering" The decision to implement the Cabinet of Ministers session Priyono implement the contest. Selected two draft the best state symbol, which is the work of Sultan Hamid II and the work of M Yamin. In the next process received by the government and parliament RIS is designed Sultan Hamid II. The work includes M Yamin was rejected because the sun rays and reveal the influence of Japan. Once the design was chosen, intensive dialogue between the designer (Sultan Hamid II), RIS President Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta Prime Minister, continues to be for the purpose of perfecting the design. The agreement of the three of them, replacing tape gripped Garuda, which originally was a red ribbon and white to white ribbon by adding the motto "Unity in Diversity". Dated February 8, 1950, the final draft state symbol made Minister of State for RIS, Sultan Hamid II submitted to the President Soekarno. The draft final state symbol is getting input from Masjumi Party to be considered, because of objections to the image eagle with arms and shoulders man holding a shield and is considered to be mythological.

Sultan Hamid II re-submit the draft state symbol image has been enhanced by the growing aspirations, so as to create form-eagle Garuda Pancasila. Abbreviated Garuda Pancasila. President Sukarno then submit the draft to the Cabinet of RIS by Mohammad Hatta as prime minister. AG Pringgodigdo in his book "About Pancasila" published by Ministry of Defense and Security, Military History states, state emblem design works of Sultan Hamid II was finally unveiled its use in a cabinet session RIS. When the image of head eagle Garuda Pancasila is still "bare" and "tuft" like its current form. This is the work of foreign nationality whose children are mixed from various aspirations and then designed by the children of the nation, Sultan Hamid II, Minister of State for RIS.

President Sukarno then introduced for the first time symbol of the country to the public at the Hotel Des Indes in Jakarta on February 15, 1950. Completion of the return symbol of the country continue to be pursued. Head eagle bird Garuda Pancasila "bare" to "tuft" done. Gripping claw foot shape of the original tape into a rear-facing front-facing also improved, for the input of President Sukarno. Dated March 20, 1950, the final form of the state emblem image has been corrected got disposition of President Sukarno, who then ordered court painter, Dullah, to paint back the appropriate form of the final design draft RIS State Minister Sultan Hamid II who used officially until today.

For the last time, Sultan Hamid II finish perfecting the final shape state symbol image, namely by increasing the scale and size of the image in full color symbol of the state where the authentic paintings submitted to H Masagung, Idayu Foundation in Jakarta on July 18, 1974 which is the latest design formal attachment PP No. 66 of 1951 under section 2 Jo Article 6 of Regulation No 66 of 1951. the state Emblem of existing disposition of President Sukarno and the state emblem image photo submitted to President Sukarno in early February 1950 is still kept by the Palace Kadriyah Pontianak. Sultan Hamid II died on March 30, 1978 in Jakarta and was buried in the family cemetery in Batulayang Pontianak Sultanate.
Turiman SH M.Hum, Faculty of Law, University of Tanjungpura Pontianak which raised the legal history of Indonesia as a symbol of the country to achieve a degree thesis Master of Law at the University of Indonesia, said that the results of these studies could prove that Sultan Hamid II was the designer of the state emblem. "One year tiring to collect all the data. From the years 1998-1999," he admits. Idayu Foundation Jakarta, Jakarta Masagung Foundation, the National Archives, Military History, and do not miss the Courtiers Kadariah Pontianak, where the most frequently visited her to collect material thesis entitled Legal History Coat RI (Analysis normative-On Coat settings State in law Law ). In front of the board of examiners, Prof. Dr. M. Dimyati Hartono SH and Prof. Dr. H. Azhary SH he successfully defended his thesis was on the Wednesday, August 11, 1999. "By law, I can attest to. Starting from the initial sketches to the final sketch. Garuda Pancasila is the design of the Sultan Hamid II, "he said definitely. Great expectations Kal-Bar society and the nation of Indonesia to the President SBY to fight for the nation's children, for the sake of historical recognition, as his promise during his visit to Kal-Bar in front of community leaders, local government and members of the Provincial Parliament Kal-Bar.

Sultan Hamid II Creator Eagle.

Sharif Abdul Hamid Alkadrie the title of Sultan Hamid Alkadrie II and Sultan to 8 Pontianak, West Kalimantan is the creator of Eagle. Sultan Hamid was also the first Indonesian military's highest rank.

Pontianak: Name Sharif Abdul Hamid Alkadrie is less well known in the country. In fact, the national figure of Pontianak, West Kalimantan is the creator of the symbol of the state of Indonesia, Garuda.

In addition to the creator of the state emblem, the title of Sultan Hamid Sharif Alkadrie II and Sultan to 8 Pontianak Indonesia is also the first person in the world's highest-ranking military, the major-general.

Sultan Hamid made the symbol of the state based on the assignment of President Sukarno in 1950. At that time he served as minister without portfolio. His colleague, Muhammad Yamin actually make design coat of arms, however, Sukarno finally chose the design of Sultan Hamid. Once perfected, the image was unveiled Sukarno eagle as a symbol of the country on February 10, 1950.

A copy of the sketch Eagle stored in the palace Kadriah, Pontianak shows the process of making a very complicated state symbol to be changed many times. Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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DatePublished: January 20, 2015 at 14:55
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