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Wednesday, 16 January 2019


Welcome to Kediri.

By introducing the name Bambang Sunarno authors also introduce Kediri city as well as the historic birthplace and original culinary style Kediri, East Java, Indonesia.
This blog was established by Bambang Sunarno with the purpose of information, communication and knowledge.
In the town of Kediri, there are several historic sites and some of the history of Kediri.

Attractions including  :

Selomangleng cave.

Selomangleng cave.

Maskumambang lake.

Maskumambang lake.

Maria Lourdes grotto Kediri.

Maria Lourdes grotto Kediri.

Maria Lourdes cave has been known to tourists, and is known by the name Puh Sarang Church Kediri. The tourists always visit every holiday or there is an opportunity to visit with family Kediri, while Maria Lourdes grotto is a site that explains in detail the crucifixion of Jesus and also used for the followers of the Christian ritual.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.

Waterfall Dolo very attractive to newcomers from abroad or locally to enjoy the beauty of the high fountain and splashing in the gentle breeze and feel fresh.

If you want to Kelud. 

the road to the mountain kelud hot water.

Please contact the Travel Agents are available in the town of Kediri and you will get a place to take you.

culinary seller on the street Dhoho kediri.

When you visit in the evening there is a culinary providers Doho line the streets until the evening at 24.00, and for the guests do not have to worry, because every time you come there is always the hotels were good and satisfying.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: 27 September 2019 at 23:16
Bambang Sunarno signature.
Tags: Welcome.

Tuesday, 15 September 2015

Did you know Surgery Skull Trepanation.

Trepanation is derived from the Latin "trypnanon". Modern drill for purposes of brain surgery now called "trepan". Pointless to dissect the skull and allow the operating surgeon. Usually caused by internal bleeding or infection of the brain. But what's interesting is that this has been done by humans since the Stone Age. The skulls were found scattered in mainland Europe, especially the Danube region, was found with a state of "hollow" of the outer bone to the brain using a manmade (X-shaped hole).

All these skulls pierced when they were alive and did not cause death.

At first the experts suspect this is due to inter-tribal warfare, or execution (death penalty) the primitive. However, after further investigation, the evidence shows contradictory data; the hole is too subtle means of action perforate done carefully and cautiously (war / fighting usually impressed origin and haste). Also if the correct result of war / fighting, this kind of hole is not present in other parts of the body bone. Hole "X" is only found on the skull in the same coordinate! Medical experts who examined further indications show that men are recovering from injuries after skull perforation, perforation of the brain that is done while the man was still alive, and they died years after the perforation of the brain. Archaeologists realize that they found evidence of ancient medical procedure, not a brutal inter-tribal warfare.

Ancient Chinese literature mentions Ta-Chhinn of Syria being able to open a person's brain and remove the insect from the inside. In South America, almost all human skull Incas from Cuzco had no less than seven (7) holes artificial. No less interesting is the 4,000-year-old skull of Crichel Down - Dorset, England. A skull neatly clipped circular 8 centimeters, and the remaining pieces were then fed back into the hollowed bones. Means the "patient" never dissected his head and closed again. So go forward surgery humans 4,000 years ago?

In 1829 the adventures of William Ellis noted in an archipelagic South Pacific, shamans often dissect the skull tribal, gouged something, and close it again with a coconut shell. In fact, one of the tribal brain was patched with the brains of animals. If you've ever read Margett's Paper would have been more disgusted again. A further 50-year-old who lived in 1958 known named "Hat On, Hat Off". Everywhere always wore a brown hat, looks normal from the outside. But when he put the hat, the effect is surprising, because one third of the skull and the brain was interrupted lost. He used a former policeman, and had been operated on 30 times in the skull to connect his life. In the television show "Is Your Brain Really neccessary?" British publications, one participant named alias Roger medically brain only has a mass of 5% of adults, but her life was normal, he was among the most clever mathematics in its class and has an IQ of 126.


Of 120 prehistoric skull found in France, 40 of them there are former trepanation hole, and the skull was from the year 6500 BC. According to the story trepanation in earlier times used to dispel evil spirits or pain caused by trauma.


At this age trepanation is used as a remedy for diseases of the head, or brain attack. Of the eight skulls in trepanation in West Germany 6-8 century AD Seven of them showed signs of recovering from his illness and survive. This means that the success rate of trepanation at that time quite high.


In today trepanation used when excessive pressure occurs in the head and life threatening. There are actually inside the skull cavity contents dampening fluid to the brain when the impact occurred. When the swelling then there is no longer room for the brain and fluids before and if allowed to be pinched brain stem which consequently could lead to death. Therefore trepanation used, as relieving pressure that occurs too excessive pain by the pressure.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: 15 September 2015 at 10:03.
Tag : Surgery Skull trepanation.

Know With Ancient Surgical Equipment.

Although now the modern era, patients undergoing brain surgery still feel scared with the procedure. Cranial cavity is one of the most weak areas in the anatomy of the human body, and the brain is the most important in the eyes of the surgeon.

Many people understand if unintentionally cause the slightest damage to the brain, the consequences are enormous.

But the thing that is seen as the most daring achievements in modern medicine, strangely is a procedure that has also been used in ancient history. Surgery - a practice open or make a hole in the skull - this is a practice that has made people around the world for thousands of years.

Skulls ever dissected been found in several different regions of the world, including in the 'New World' the rest of the pre-Colombian cultures, starting from the discovery of a specimen Peru in 1863.

Another example is the discovery of a skull with multiple surgical scars of 5000 years in France from the period of the Neolithic (New Stone Age). Evidence of the success of surgery is very clear skull and individuals that continue to live after the surgery is chronic.

Look at the history of the older, more evidence of the practice of surgery was also found from the Mesolithic period (Middle Stone Age), between 10,000 and 5,000 years ago. Surgical scars skull of the oldest discovered in Ukraine in 1966, and the skull was 8,020 and 7,620 years old - that is from the days when most archeologists believe that the man had just moved from living in a cave home.

More than just treatment.

To be sure, on the level of difficulty of the procedure can be concluded a degree all the medical skills of high, even though some anthropologists also connect with the mystical ritual, judging from the number of former surgical scars skull found in several places. In Baumes-Chaudes, France, of 350 skulls examined, found 60 skulls surgical scars.

With a number of former surgical skull large enough, some people think that this is a 'privilege' granted to certain segments of the population. Examples of the Pharaohs of Egypt, they will undergo cranial surgery several times in life because of a belief that their lives would be easier to leave their bodies after death.

Today, medical doctors take a difficult method is just to reduce the pressure of the patient's skull and drain the bleeding, but it is usually not taken methods that given the high risks. However argued ancient people had considerations other than medical purposes to open the head.

While there are some people consider our ancestors used surgery to cure mental illness - aims to relieve the patient's brain from the torment of ghosts and spirits are pervasive - other researchers said the skull surgery of the past is a way to offer a spiritual experience that is very encouraging. Such confidence is still valid today.

In 1962, Hughes published The Dutchman Bart Mechanism of Brainblood volume, said that by punching holes in the skull, the brain volume of blood increases. Thus, Hughes believes individuals who do this can increase their awareness, with a higher awareness approaching the consciousness of a child with a 'soft spot' her.

By standing on his head or taking herbs that can increase blood flow to the brain, similar conditions can be achieved for a while. But Hughes was more interested in a more permanent condition rather than simply with herbs, because it is he doing this procedure on himself in 1965.

Some people also follow Hughes; for example artist Amanda Feilding who recorded his surgical process itself in a document entitled Heartbeat in the Brain.

Surgical equipment.

In some ancient medical practice, if a patient suffers from headaches because of the tumor, the doctor will use a tool to tap certain parts of the head. When the man complained of pain, medical practitioners will feel confident that the tumor had been found.

Then the operation was carried out to give the patient an anesthetic primitive. Specialists will cut the scalp and breaking the bone with a simple surgical instrument and being careful not to damage the patient's brain.

How they cut and take away part of the bone is a mystery, because the skull is proven not easily perforated.

Once the operation is completed (probably under very sterile conditions), soft leather lining will be sewn back together. As long as no modern implants, skull cracking can not be pasted back, and eventually new skin will grow over the hole.

Ancient Inca has called tumi knife to perform surgical procedures. Tumi forms are now widely used as the plan, adopted by the Peruvian Academy of Surgery, plays high as an important part of the ancient Inca culture, and is used extensively to promote tourism in Peru.

Surgical knife Tumi of ancient Inca culture.

Features blade is difficult to understand by a man with an elaborate headdress, stood at the top resembles a shovel-shaped blade. This sacred object has a history that predates even the Inca civilization. In 2006, 12 tumi found in the pre-Inca cemetery of ancient Peru.

Hippocrates proposed skull surgery for injuries to the head, and the ancient Greeks had some equipment to carry out the procedure. One is terebra shaped 't', which is the way it works almost like a drill primitive.

Tools for neurosurgery were first called Terebra.

While the ancient Egyptian civilization can be proud of the relatively advanced medical equipment. The researchers believe that they are doing brain surgery with a hammer and chisel.

An interesting fact to note in the procedure of ancient Egyptian civilization is the presence of a person who serves as a 'hemostatic' (an agency that works to stop bleeding). Ancient specialist treatment that allegedly has the power to stop the bleeding with her to the operating room.

Medical surgery has evolved over 10,000 years, far beyond the modern standard medical procedures. But most of the medical community with the firm issued a ban against strong desire deemed unnecessary surgery, may occur due to some risk of death.

Although the euphoria demands of today's surgical support firm demand for the results of penetration of the skull, many medical professionals take into account that the benefits are calculated is not likely to occur and have a negligible risk. Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: 15 September 2015 at 08:57
Tag : Ancient Surgical tool.

Monday, 14 September 2015

You Know About Heart Valve Disease.

Valvular heart disease is any disease that involves one or more than one type of valves in the heart (aortic and mitral valve in the left ventricle, and the pulmonary and tricuspid valve in the right heart). Valvular heart disease is usually a disease congenital (inborn) or acquired (due to several reasons that occur after birth). Heart valve disease management may include medical treatment, but when it gets worse then it should be done surgery, such as valve repair or replacement (repair or replacement).

Some causes of heart valve abnormalities.


Valve dysplasia is a disorder of development that is at the heart valves (commonly exposed to one or more of the heart valves). The disorder often occurs is tetralogy of Fallot, where the abnormality is composed of four kinds of abnormalities with one of them is narrowing / stenosis of the pulmonary valve. Ebstein's anomaly is an abnormality of the tricuspid valve.

Rheumatic Heart Disease.

Valvular heart disease caused by fever rhema called "rheumatic heart disease". In the developing countries (including Indonesia), the incidence of rheumatic heart disease is still very high, and diminishing in developed countries. It is closely linked with the number of infectious diseases and better treatment of infections in developed countries.


Inflammatory / inflammation of the heart valves whatever the cause is called endocarditis; most often caused by a bacterial infection, commonly also from cancer (marantic endocarditis), or some autoimmune circumstances (Libman-Sacks endocarditis) and hypereosinophilic syndrome (Loeffler endocarditis). Some of the drugs associated with heart valve disease emergence is ergotamine such as pergolide and cabergoline.

Mitral heart valve abnormalities.

Mitral valve (also known as the bicuspid valve / left atrioventricular valve) is the valve that is in the heart consists of two cusps. The mitral valve is a heart valve that separates anatara left atrium and left ventricle). The mitral valve and tricuspid valve is due to atrioventricular valve is located between the foyer and the heart chambers, and both control the blood flow rate.

When diastole, normal functioning mitral valve opens as a result of increasing pressure from the left atrium fills with blood (preload). When the atrial pressure increases above the left ventricle, the mitral valve opens allowing blood to flow passively to the left ventricle. Diastole ended when 20% contraction of the atria pump blood from the rest of the left atrium to the left ventricle, which is referred to as end diastolic volume (EDV), and mitral valve closes at the end of atrial contraction to prevent blood flow back to the heart


Mitral valve (bicuspid valve) It is in the heart (between the atrium and the left ventricle) Rata2 mitral valve size is 4-6 cm².
Mitral valve (bicuspid valve) It is in the heart (between the atrium and the left ventricle)
Rata2 mitral valve size is 4-6 cm². The mitral valve has two cusps / leaflets (leaflets anteromedial and posterolateral leaflet). Valve valve is limited by a ring called the annulus of the mitral valve. Valve covers 2/3 of the anterior mitral valve area, and the rest by the posterior valve. Valve is guarded by a tendon attached to the posterior part of the valve, prevent valve prolapse. These tendons called chordae tendineae.

Chordae tendineae to the papillary muscles attached to its end (papillary muscles) and the valve. Papillary muscle itself is a protrusion of the left ventricular wall. When the left ventricle contracts, intraventricular pressure forced the mitral valve to close. Tendon keep the leaflet remain parallel to each other and do not leak into the atrium.

Normal physiology.

When the left ventricular diastole, after the reduced pressure in the left ventricle due to muscle relaxation ventricle, the mitral valve opens and blood flow from the left atrium into the ventricle kiri.sebanyak 70-80% of the blood flowing through the early phase of filling of the left ventricle (move because of the pressure difference).

Contraction of the left atrium (left atrial systole) simultaneously with left ventricular diastole, causing the rest of the blood remaining in the left atrium immediately flows into the left ventricle. This is also referred to as atrial kick.
Annular / ring of the valve change shape and size when the cardiac cycle lasts. The shape shrink when atrial systole because of left atrial contraction. Disturbances in the annulus, valve and mitral valve support structure can make the mitral valve is leaking (regurgitation / insufficiency) or narrowed (stenosis).

General Operating Procedures.
The surgical procedure on heart disease is largely synonymous but will have different techniques at the core of its operations, depending on the abnormalities that occur.

Most operations will use a heart-lung machine in the procedure, but there are also techniques that do not use the heart-lung machine for example at Off Pump CABG, where the heart will continue beating during surgery.

Measures heart surgery commonly performed are as follows :

Physician Anesthesia will perform general anesthesia.
Surgeon will start an incision in the midline of the chest, from the skin to open the breastbone.
- Physician Anesthesia will perform general anesthesia.
- Surgeon will start an incision in the midline of the chest, from the skin to open the breastbone. At BPAK surgery, previous surgeon will take the blood vessels that will be installed in the heart, the saphenous vein in the leg or the radial artery in the arm.
- Then the chest cavity will be widened by using a retractor.
- If the heart-lung machine is used, the heart will be connected to the heart-lung machine and cardioplegic substances included. Cardioplegic substances while making the heart stops beating and the heart-lung machine takes over the function of the vital organ.
- Operations carried out in accordance with the diagnosis of disease.
- Heart made pulsing back so that the heart-lung machine can be weaned.
- When the work of the heart and lungs are already stabilized, closed chest wall and sternum connected using a special wire.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: 14 September 2015 12:32
Tag : Heart, Valve Disease, Heart Valve Disease,

Do You Know About Vasectomy.

Vasectomy is a minor surgery (minor surgery) done to prevent the transport of sperm in the testicles and penis.
Vasectomy is a highly effective procedure to prevent pregnancy because it is permanent. Under normal conditions, the sperm produced in the testes. At the time of ejaculation, sperm flow through two pieces of tube-shaped duct (vas deferens), mix with semen (sperm carrier fluid), and out through the penis. When the sperm and egg join the ladies, then there was a pregnancy, duct (vas deferens) are cut and tied both ends of the channel, so that sperm can not flow and mix with semen.
In other words clinics vasectomy is a procedure to stop the man with the capacity of doing grafting vasa deferensia thus impeded the flow of sperm transport and process fertilasi (union with ovum) does not occur.


There are several kinds of methods to close the vas deferens which at this time is still considered preponderance, among others are:
- Pinning the vas deferens with clips (clasps) of tantalum.
- Conducting cautery / fulturasi both ends.
- Injecting the vas deferens with sclerotizing agent (a substance that causes sclerosis), making it so clogged, for example with formaldehyde, phenol and others.
- Can do without surgery.
- Close the lid of the vas deferens with a sort of needle.
- Just tying the vas deferens.
- The combination of the two methods, such as tying and kauterisa

Clappers and losses vasectomy.


- It will not interfere with erections, sexual potency, hormone production.
- Protection against pregnancy is very high.
- Can be used for life.
- Do not interfere with the sexual life of husband and wife.
- More secure because fewer complaints.
- More practical to require only one action.
- More effective with very small failure rate.
- More economical because it only requires a fee for all the action.
- Do not endanger lives.
- Patients do not need to be hospitalized.
- There is no health risk.


- This procedure is only for couples who have decided not to have any more children.
- Should the surgery.
- Must use condoms for a few days or weeks until the sperm to be negative.
- It can not be done with people who still want to have children again.

No-scalpel vasectomy.

Along with the development of technology, vasectomy is now easier and faster to do, namely with the no-scalpel vasectomy.


- Preoperative Preparation
- Shaving pubic hair to better ensure sterislisasi.
- No need previous fasting.
- Search for, recognize, and filsasi vas deferens then flops with a special clamp pliers pliers-shaped end, and then injected local anesthetic.
- Do stabbing at the midline of the scrotum with curved and sharp pointed tool for making small cuts which then widened about 0.5 cm. Then it will look vas deferens are tough and hard as steel wire. Membranes covering the vas deferens is opened carefully. After wrapping is set aside on the edge, it will be apparent vas deferens shiny pearly white.
- Do okulisi vas deferens ligation and resection of a segment of the vas deferens.
- The closure of the surgical wound.

Requirements vasectomy.

- Must be voluntary.
- Obtain the approval of his wife.
- The number of children are enough.
- Knowing the effects of vasectomy.
- Age of candidates is not less than 30 years.
- Age of the wife is not less than 20 years and not more than 45 years.
- A married couple has had children at least two people, and the youngest child must be aged over two years.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: 14 September 2015 at 11:45
Tag : About Vasectomy.

You Know Myths About Contraception.

Some of the myths that we hear most about contraception. You do not have to trust him again after reading this article. Indeed, sometimes the women are often sanctioned by the contraception of their choice.

Myth 1: The pill makes you fat.

Fact: Research has revealed that women do not have to experience a significant weight gain as a result of using oral contraceptive pills. Simply put, the pill will not make you fat! Weight gain can occur due to hormonal reasons and you may experience water retention which can often make the weight creeping up. The good news is that there are certain types of birth control pills that prevent water retention, so if this is an issue for you, you can talk with your doctor to change your birth control pills.

Myth 2: The pill is less reliable than condoms.

Fact: The combination pill 99% effective if taken properly. By comparison, the condom is only 98% effective if used correctly. However, when we look at the figures typical use, the failure rate increases because most women do not take the Pill consistently and correctly. It is estimated that 8 out of 100 women who use the pill for one year will get pregnant. In the typical usage, of 100 women who used condoms with their partners during the year, it is estimated that 15 will become pregnant.

Myth 3: The birth control pill cause acne, making greasy hair and hairy bodies.

Fact: If you are having acne / oily hair / body hair growth after taking the pill, may be caused by your body's response to the levels of certain hormones in the pill you. Talk with your doctor. You may be advised to switch to a pill that is better suited to tackle this problem, or change to a different method of contraception altogether.

Myth 4: Contraceptive implant / implant can cause osteoporosis.

Fact: Studies have shown that long-term use of contraceptive implants do not affect bone mineral density.

Myth 5: IUDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease.

Fact: Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the cervix, fallopian and / or other reproductive organs and cause symptoms such as lower abdominal pain. Studies have shown that in addition to a small risk of infection associated with IUD insertion (that is why you are advised to do a check-up after IUD insertion), IUD users is actually at greater risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease than non-users IUD. The risk is low unless there is exposure to STDs.

Myth 6: Contraceptives spiral (IUD) can cause ectopic pregnancy.

Fact: Ectopic pregnancy is any pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus. Most ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tubes. IUD works by preventing pregnancy the uterus, a pregnancy that may happen is the possibility of an ectopic. This is where the misunderstanding that there is a relationship between IUD use and ectopic pregnancy. This risk is very small, as well as the risk of uterine pregnancy with IUD use.

Myth 7: You can not get pregnant while breastfeeding.

Fact: You can get pregnant while breastfeeding! Although you may be less fertile, you may still get pregnant while breastfeeding. Some women do not menstruate for months after childbirth, but when your body decides it's time to release the first egg after giving birth, she did it before you get your first period. So, you will not know that you have ovulated until two weeks later, when you menstruate.
To avoid pregnancy, talk to your doctor about the type of contraception that you can use while breastfeeding.

Myth 8: Using contraception makes it harder to get pregnant after you stop.

Fact: After stopping the pill or remove the implant, vaginal ring or IUD, you can expect to return to your previous fertility. However, the return of fertility may take longer to CICs. It is normal when your body needs time to readjustment after discontinuation of hormonal contraceptive methods. But if your periods have not returned to normal within three months after stopping contraception, talk to your doctor.

Myth 9: Emergency contraceptive pills are the same as the abortion pill.

Fact: emergency contraceptive pill ("the pill Kondar") and very different from the abortion pill. If you have unprotected sex, you can take a pill Kondar to help avoid pregnancy before it begins. Mifepristone, which is often referred to as the abortion pill, is a drug used in medical abortion after pregnancy begins. Medical abortion is an abortion performed with the guidance of a doctor for medical reasons, such as life-threatening mother.

Myth 10: You need a break from the pill.

Fact: If you have been taking the pill regularly with no side effects, you do not need to take a break. In fact, if you stop taking the pill and then picked up again a few months later, you may experience side effects similar to those you went through in a few months they were when you first use it while your body adjusts.

Long Term Reversible Contraception More Effectively.

A new study titled "Effectiveness of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception" by Winner et al. in the New England Journal of Medicine (May 24, 2012) mentions that about 50% of unwanted pregnancies in the United States related to contraceptive failure, primarily as a result of the use of inconsistent or incorrect.

The researchers noted that the use of long-term reversible contraception (Long-Acting Reversible Contraception / LARC), such as spiral or implant is much more common in developed countries other than the US. Those countries also have the unintended pregnancy rate is lower than the US, where only 5.5% of women using contraception chose spiral (IUD).
The researchers designed a prospective cohort study to assess the use of long-term reversible contraceptive methods as a means to reduce unintended pregnancies. For this analysis, they compared the failure rate among users LARC with other contraceptive users.

Participants in the study were 9,256 women aged 14-45 St. Louis region and at risk of unwanted pregnancy. Each participant received counseling regarding the efficacy, side effects, risks and benefits of all reversible contraceptive method, spiral, implants, injections, pills, transdermal patches and vaginal rings. Each woman was then given the appropriate contraceptive method of choice without charge for two or three years, and participants were allowed to stop or move on another method at any time during the study.
After the initial interview comprehensive, researchers collected data on the use of contraceptives participants, including the start date and cessation, and interview them by telephone at three months, six months and every six months thereafter.

Of the 7486 participants who successfully followed, occurred 334 unwanted pregnancies. Of these, 156 associated with contraceptive failure.
At one, two and three the first year, the number of unwanted pregnancies is higher among pill users, patch and ring than among those who use long-term contraception. The rate on the injections is similar to the long-term contraceptive users.
When stratified by age, the rate of unwanted pregnancies among users of the pill, patch and ring are younger than 21 years of almost two times higher than among the older participants. Failure rate does not vary significantly with age among users inject and long-term contraception.
Overall, participants who use the pill, patch or ring had contraceptive failure risk 20 times higher than those using long-term contraception.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: 14 September 2015 at 10:37
Tag : Myths About Contraception.

Recognize Contraception.

Family planning contraceptives.
Various contraceptive indeed often confuse us to choose what is good and suitable for our use. Lack of information and knowledge is becoming a major factor in choosing a contraceptive mistake is good and not good to be used to prevent pregnancy.

Some kinds of contraceptives and a little explanation :

Pros And Disadvantages Contraceptive Pill Combination.

- Highly effective when taken daily.
- When you stop taking the pill may occur in pregnancy.
- In the first months of use may cause side effects, such as nausea, bleeding between menstrual periods or spots, weight gain, or headaches. All these symptoms are not dangerous.

- Safe for almost all women because the side effects are rare.
- Can be used by women of various ages, either already or not to have children.
- Can prevent certain cancers, anemia (iron deficiency), pain during menstruation and several other health.

Pros And Disadvantages Injectable Contraceptives.

Is very effective in preventing pregnancy when injected every 1 month or 3 months (according to the type of syringe).

Common bleeding disorders - such as spots, minor bleeding between the 2 periods. After the redemption of one year often do not experience menstruation. Weight gain are also common or raised mild headache.

Can be used by women of various ages, either already or not to have children.

If you stop taking this contraception, pregnancy can occur immediately.
Safe to use during breastfeeding, after 6 weeks after childbirth.
Help prevent cervical cancer; preventing pregnancy outside the womb

Pros And Disadvantages Contraceptive Implant.

There are 3 kinds of stem implant consists of 1, 2 rods, and 6 stems.
1,2 or 6 pieces of this rod is inserted under the skin on the upper arm.
Very effective for a period of 3 years (for types 1 and 2 rods) and 5 years (for types 6 bars).

If desired, the implant can be removed at any time.
Immediately after the implant is removed, a woman can get pregnant.

Changes in menstrual pattern is still in the normal range, light bleeding between menstrual periods, spots or no menstruation. Also raised a mild headache.

Safe to use during lactation, installed after 6 weeks after childbirth.
Helps prevent anemia and pregnancy outside the womb.

Pros And Disadvantages Contraceptive Pills Progestin / Mini Pill.

A good option for mothers who are breastfeeding and want to use the pill, began drinking at the 6th week after delivery.
Very effective during lactation.
If used during lactation, usually a change in menstrual patterns, especially spots between periods.

Pros And Disadvantages Contraception Condoms.

In addition to preventing pregnancy also may protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV / AIDS.
Condoms can be used to prevent HIV / AIDS, as well as family planning
With a little practice, easy to use correctly.
Effective when done correctly each.
Some men feel that condoms interfere with sexual intercourse and reduced pleasure.

Pros And Disadvantages Contraception IUD (intrauterine device).

Small tool consists of a flexible plastic material, which is inserted into the uterine cavity by a midwife / doctor trained.
Very effective, and when it stopped using an IUD, pregnancy can occur. The IUD is a long-term contraceptive methods.

IUD TCU-380 type A for example, is effective for at least 10 years.
Menstrual periods may become longer and many, especially in the first months of use. Experience a little discomfort after the IUD is inserted.
No effect on breastfeeding. A doctor / midwife who has received special training can put it shortly after childbirth.
Pelvic infections tend to attack users of IUDs especially if the wearer has been infected with a sexually transmitted disease.

IUDs can be out alone at times straining, especially in the first few months of use, so it is very important to check the rope.
Not recommended be used by women who have STDs.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Contraceptive Methods Simplified / vaginal.

Spermisid / tissue contraception, diaphragm and hood, is a contraceptive method that can be used alone by women.
Must be inserted into the vagina (vagina coitus) every time before intercourse. Performed immediately before sexual intercourse.
Effective when used correctly.
Can help prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
Using this contraceptive method, tend to urinary tract infections.
Tissue contraception is not easy to obtain.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Contraceptive Methods Women Operation (MOP) / tubektomi.

How to permanent birth control for women who sure did not want to have children again consider carefully before making a decision.
Safe and simple operation. Requires only a local anesthetic.
Very effective.
There has been no long-term side effects. Experiencing discomfort after surgery. Serious complications due to surgery are rare.
Does not affect the ability or sexual feelings.

Benefits and Disadvantages of Male Contraception Method of Operation (MOP) / vasectomy.

How to permanent family planning for men who have decided not wish to have more children. Consider carefully before making a decision.
Safe operation, and easy. Requires only a few minutes in a clinic or doctor's office. Using a local anesthetic.
The new effective after ejaculation is 20 times or 3 months postoperatively. Before that still need to use condoms.
There is no long term side effects.
Does not affect the ability or sexual satisfaction.

Pros And Disadvantages Calendar Contraception System.

Women should know the fertile period in a woman's menstrual cycle.
Calendar systems are: the fertile period are not having sex. When associated use of condoms, contraceptive tissue, diaphragm and hood, or withdrawal during the fertile period.
Can be effective if done properly. But in reality is often less effective.

Needed a good cooperation with their partners, because it is difficult to avoid sexual intercourse for a long time.
No physical side effects.
This method is recommended if another contraceptive method used at times difficult to have a fever, vaginal infection, after childbirth or during breastfeeding.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Contraceptive Methods LAM (Lactational Amenorrhoe Methode) / Breastfeeding.

How to contraception through exclusive breastfeeding (breastfeeding infants from 0 s / d 4 months without additional food).
A breastfeeding woman is said to be using the method of LAM, if:
In full or breastfeeding her baby did not receive additional food, often mothers breastfeeding, day and night;
Has not gotten her period;
6 month old baby yet.
Women should already planning the use of another family planning method, when not using LAM.

Some contraceptive methods are not recommended because of certain health conditions.

Health condition.

Which is not the recommended method.

Smoked and aged over 35 years. Contraceptive pills (pill combination).
Known to have high blood pressure. If high blood pressure,
high, use injectable contraceptives.
The first 6 months of breastfeeding. Use a pill.
The first 6 weeks of breastfeeding. Dream DMPA, progestin pills (POPs)
Some of heart disease, vascular birth control pills, progestin pills, injectable DMPA,
blood rare, and some implants. Or ask your doctor / midwife.
Migrant headaches - headaches that contraceptive pills, but the use of the pill
who come repeatedly, often restricted to two conditions, namely:
on one side of the head only, or throbbing.
1. Women aged 35 years / more
which causes nausea, symptoms of the more
2. Women's unlimited lifespan if poorly when exposed to light or hear the visually impaired, noises or trouble speaking or moving
when experiencing headaches.
Has transmitted infections due to IUD / IUD. Use condoms, disease sex or disease even though it uses means inflammation of the pelvis at this point or 3 months other contraceptives (bleeding in the vagina last. High risk - because it has an unusual, is probably more than one pair of either the husband or signs of infection due to his wife. intercourse). The conditions were not perfect particular IUD / IUD. Ask your doctor / midwife of female organs. you. Known was pregnant. IUD / IUD. The contraceptive pill first 21 days after birth.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: 14 September 2015 at 09:53
Tag : Contraception.