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Wednesday, 16 January 2019

Welcome.

Welcome to Kediri.

By introducing the name Bambang Sunarno authors also introduce Kediri city as well as the historic birthplace and original culinary style Kediri, East Java, Indonesia.
This blog was established by Bambang Sunarno with the purpose of information, communication and knowledge.
In the town of Kediri, there are several historic sites and some of the history of Kediri.

Attractions including  :

Selomangleng cave.

Selomangleng cave.

Maskumambang lake.

Maskumambang lake.

Maria Lourdes grotto Kediri.

Maria Lourdes grotto Kediri.

Maria Lourdes cave has been known to tourists, and is known by the name Puh Sarang Church Kediri. The tourists always visit every holiday or there is an opportunity to visit with family Kediri, while Maria Lourdes grotto is a site that explains in detail the crucifixion of Jesus and also used for the followers of the Christian ritual.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.

Waterfall Dolo very attractive to newcomers from abroad or locally to enjoy the beauty of the high fountain and splashing in the gentle breeze and feel fresh.

If you want to Kelud. 

the road to the mountain kelud hot water.

Please contact the Travel Agents are available in the town of Kediri and you will get a place to take you.

culinary seller on the street Dhoho kediri.

When you visit in the evening there is a culinary providers Doho line the streets until the evening at 24.00, and for the guests do not have to worry, because every time you come there is always the hotels were good and satisfying.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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DatePublished: 27 September 2019 at 23:16
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Friday, 27 January 2017

Did You Know About Leeches ?

 Leeches

Leeches are ' worms ' with suckers on each end. Leeches can be divided in a variety of sizes, from the size of half an inch to ten inches in length, there are leeches color brown or black color. There are some that eat decaying plants. Others are parasites, sucking the blood and other animal tissues.
blood sucking leeches in two ways : using a leech proboscis to puncture the skin or using three jaws and millions of tiny teeth. Leeches live almost anywhere there is water origin. Leeches find their prey by detecting skin oils, blood, heat or carbon dioxide even when the prey breathes.
Leeches do not often eat , this is because the leeches suck in large amounts of blood when eating.
Doctors often use leeches in the past to draw blood. Leeches are also used to perform operations and cutting hair. When the barber finished the operation,
she would take a bloody bandage and wrap around the pole to show that he was doing surgery. That's how the origin of the red and white pole circling the barber.
Now maggots and leeches are used for different reasons . Scientists are studying the saliva of leeches. They believe the substances that stop or prevent blood clots that someday could be used in humans. The researchers also identified several medical compounds that can be developed from the saliva of leeches.
The properties of anticoagulant and clot - digesting these substances makes them potentially useful as a drug for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke . Leeches can be " milked " for their secretions without being harmed, and continues to do research the possibility of engineering synthetic leech saliva. But it still used leeches to suck blood.
Doctors now turn to leeches to help restore blood circulation to grafted tissue and reattached and toes.
For example : microsurgeons at a Boston hospital used leeches to save the ears of a 5 year old boy who had been bitten by a dog died . The leech can remove all solid blood to allow normal circulation to return to the network , thus preventing gangrene from scratch .
At this time , hundreds of thousands of leeches are sold in the U.S. to hospitals , clinics and individuals the European market , much bigger and millions of leeches are sold every year .

Hirudotherapy.

Hirudotherapy is treatment using medical leeches . This type of therapy is known from extreme antiquity and is still alive today . This fact shows effectiveness in healing various diseases . Currently Hirudotherapy method approved by many countries .

Hirudotherapy is treatment using medical leeches

Great experience using medicinal leeches in medical purpose kept up for centuries With the development of science covert action mechanism described leech salivary glands , are biologically active substances included in it was introduced to the public , the influence of leeches on the particular structure of a living organism has been investigated . Some medical forms are made on the basis of biologically active substances from the salivary glands of leeches and work on the creation of a new substance that is by doing a modern Hirudotherapy different from the old-fashioned because now we do not use the wild leeches , instead we use leeches that live in the wild , especially where they are in a natural condition that dirty , we currently use a leech only once .
The advantages are obvious and absolute safety Hirudotherapy checked on thousands of years of human experience and not cause doubts . One of the first substance that is found in the salivary glands of medicinal leeches is hirudin , a substance that thins the blood clotting process , anticoagulating as destabilaza fermentation , ingibitors of plazmine , callecrein of plasmine and others .
Factors diffusion - ferments of gialuronidaza , collagenaza , appressing factors mediators of pain - cininaza , antisclerous factors are also investigated . Thus , medicinal leeches are manufacturing biologically active substances . The result of the action of biologically active substances on living organisms are ;
- Normalization and improvement of capillary circulation ;
- Declare antiinflammatory effects ;
- Antistressful and adaptogene effect ;
- Immunostimulants and immunomodulating effects ;
- Anesthesia ;
- Anticoagulation ;
- Antibacterial Effect ;
- Improvement of the endocellular exhange and realization of this mechanism has both local and general character .
The existence of skin-visceral connection with the organs are definitely famous. biologically active substances act to organ for blood -sucking leeches drug action through Viens. This prompted an increase in blood circulation in specific organs, making trombolitic , anti-inflammatory , immunostimulant action , improve nutrition of tissues , strengthen the immune network . It is impossible for all the diseases that can be treated by using Hirudotherapy , contra - indications with Hirudotherphy is hemophilia , pregnancy , anemia , hypotonia .
Hirudotherapy can be applied to any disease known at this time . It can be used as an independent method of treatment and in a complex with other people to know . Doctors know exactly how difficult it is to struggle with chronic inflammatory diseases. The problem is in all types of clinical presentation of the disease organism protection mechanisms are universal-emission inflammatory mediators, vazoconstrictors , apireties and some other biologically active substances into the blood . Everything comes to the aspirations of living organisms to limit the nidus of inflammation by a decrease in blood circulation and capillary permeability - network , the creation of a shaft with conjunctive tissue inflammation and cellular structure and mode of temperature in the area . Given as a result of the concentration of the drug for instance an antibiotic in the nidus of inflammation is much lower than in the blood . Increasing doses of chemical drugs do not solve the problem because of excessive lead to allergies and side effects in other organs ( liver, kidney, bone marrow, glands Endocrin ). As a result, found many problems; disbacteriosis , hepatitis , nephropathy , immune deficiency conditions , but chronic inflammation problem for a given patient is not resolved . Here is to remember about Hirudotherapy . Containing biologically active substances in leech saliva glands can restore blood circulation in the nidus of inflammation , ischemia remove organs , giving the exchange capillary network and therefore can perform chemical transport of drugs into the nidus of inflammation , improve immune protection and tissue regeneration . In such conditions the use of the same chemical drugs is possible in smaller doses . These factors do not limit the ability to influence the nidus of inflammation Hirudotherapy . The problem is that in the salivary glands of medicinal leeches there are some substances that are able to withstand bacterias.One growth substances studied were the most hirudin . In experiments on animals and bactericidal action of hirudin has been proven bacteriastatic . The main reason of drug action on thrombophlebitis hirudin example is its bactericidal properties . That's why it became clear that the use of leeches in both aseptic inflammation and the inflammation caused by a bacterial agent helps the organism . Owned medicinal leech salivary gland secrets to penetrate the " axis demarcacional " inflammation is deternimed by the action of a factor of-the - enzyme gialuronidaza penetration . This enzyme is able to act unactivate gialuron acid which is a cementing substance for connective tissue .
feaeture sort Hirudotherapy essentially distinquishes of other treatment methods .
In addition to the above mentioned effects Hirudotherapy it is necessary to remember about the biological influences such as irritation of the active points in zones.It reflex has been long known that leeches prefer to sit in certain areas of the skin that correspond to points of ancient Chinese method of treatment - needleacupuncture . In Hirudotherapy results we receive in the treatment effect is not only due to the action of biologically active substances ' secret leeches , but also in a way that affects the reflex zones .
For example, in the treatment of hypertonic disease biologically active points and cervical occipital regions used and the influence of these points give , vasodilation and hipotenzive effects.The other anesthetic action of the leech is a leech exhaust taking.One blood of 5 to 10 ml of blood .. The bleeding lasts for several hours ( approximately 12-24 hours ) and patients lose about 20-30 ml blood.Thus due to the influence of the leech 5 simulteneously patients 100-250 ml of blood loss and blood this way has the advantage of taking no doubt before taking blood from a vein . Taking blood from the organs associated with pain lasted for about an hour . Therefore , creating conditions of many lasts hours and venous drainage and stable fit of certain areas , in certain areas there is usually improved microcirculation , nutrition network , mobile exchange , venous stagnation usually liquidated and organ ischemia usually eliminated.After course of treatment consists of 5-10 procedures using leeches 4-10 good clinical effect is marked.At cardiovascular pathology circulatory decompensation ( ishemic heart disease , defect intimate ) that points to the heart of authentic leech reduce elevated arterial pressure , leading to reduce stagnation in heart , for increased ventilation of the lungs and heart demolition . The effect comes in direct hipotenzive results and anticoagulating action of hirudin and not a smaller degree by reducing peripheral resistance . In the cardiovascular system disease Hirudotherapy play a special role.It easy to find an explanation for the attention to the conditions mentioned above properties.Besides note hirudin ability to affect blood clotting . Fluid and blood clotting conditions provided by the functional interation of two systems of organisms : anticlotting.The anticlotting support system and blood clotting in a liquid state , protecting it from freezing , which both provide protection from bleeding in violation of the integrity of blood vessels . For patients with ischemic heart disease , hypertension , for parents , for patients with diabetes is a major problem as angiopathy and vessel atherosclerosis - results ; atherosclerosis anyone integrety violation of vessels.which blood supply and turn on the system clotting.In terrible results show most of the heart disease and arterial thrombosis in vessels is an important vital organs. The output of thrombosis is heart infarction , brain , lungs brinding sometimes deadly results . Stimulation fibrinolitic activity and anticlotting systems of the blood in disease , the suppression of the formation trombs , and reduce blood viscosity is needed both with medical purpose and for preventive maintenance of ischemic conditions . The mechanism of action of hirudin on thrombin oppressive investigated . hirudin blocks the action of thrombin and the latter loses its properties , does not promote the transition of fibrinogen to fibrin. Besides secret saliva of medicinal leeches block an attachement anitial of platelets and actually press them on the surface collagenus aggregetion . Thus , the secret saliva of leeches and the influence of the drug on blood plasma cellular factor clotting. In much research writer is indicated that after the leech is no normalization parameter assignment separate from coagulogramme - on anitial combination of hyper coagulation system activates and vice versa anticoagulating is becoming more active . Similar effects were not accepted even when we use a known anticoagulant such as heparin and aspirin . We must add the effects lipotropal enzymes from the salivary glands of leeches which consists in the ability of drugs to influence on blood lipids . At the beginning of this century, some scientists expressed the assumption that the development of atherosclerosis can be prevented by applying medicinal leeches . In the 1984-1989 experiment proved that the introduction of long- secret introvenous salivary glands of medicinal leeches to mice that were presented in conditions very last atherosclerosis has been a reduction in lung lipids and abdominal arteries . It is known that lipoproteids low density and low density lipoproteids greatly promoted the development of atherosclerosis , but the high density lipoproteids antisclerous protective factors play a role . On hearing the disease there ishemic redistribution of cholesterol in the different classes of lipoproteids density . Quantity in lipoproteids it raises low-density and very low density lipoproteids reduced resulting in high lipoproteids . In this group had increased levels of lipid authentic general , triglicerids , cholesterol on artery walls . Many writers are engaged in this sign authentically reduction problem triglicerids and cholesterol in the blood after a few sessions Hirudotherapy . This makes it possible to draw the conclusion that the secret lipotropic ensymes leech saliva drug can be used in the atherosclerotic vessel defects regardless of the primary localization of atherosclerosis . Perhaps the effect of " rejuvenation " can look after emergence Hirudotherapy shine in the eyes , skin elasticity improvement , flush appearance , loss of face mask fatigue in patients , strong sort of patient . That's possible because in this case we are dealing with an increase mechanism Vasku.

The nature of Leech Therapy.


The nature of Leech Therapy

leech mouth.

structure leech

Therapeutic properties Hirudotherapy ;

* Common reflexogenic : hypotension
* Bleeds : immunopotentiating
* Internal decongestion : bacteriostatic
* Anticoagulants : anti - inflammatory
* Protective antithrombotic : Local anti - edema
* Thrombolytic : analgesic
* Removal of microcirculation disorders : antiatherosclerotic
* Anti - ischemic : elimination of abnormal interactions between the system.

Doctor Miracle called leech .

Applied drugs have hundreds of years of experience in the fight against human disease . Tens of thousands of different mixtures , tablets , vaccines , drugs , etc. have been created - and they are all human treatment effects . And why professional doctors again and again apply to traditional methods of treatment rather old drug tested by our ancestors ? There is no secret that ... All of these methods are based on natural root . That is why we applied the medical center fashioned method " of treatment for hundreds of diseases ".

Hirudotherapy .

Hirudotherapy ( from Latin leech Hirudo - ) is known since ancient times . Along with general bloodletting , has been regarded as a necessary drug in the treatment of different diseases .
Secrets of the medical leech salivary gland contains more than 100 bioactive substances and has anti -inflammatory action , bacteriostatic , analgesic , completing , it eliminates the microcirculation disorders , vascular permeability restore damaged tissues and organs , eliminating hypoxia ( lack of oxygen ) , reducing blood pressure , improving the activity of the immune system , detoxifies the organism , releases from threatening complications , such as infarction , stroke , improving bioenergy status of the organism .
How confidential leech injection is very simple : placed on the skin to bite the skin , then the leech saliva secret falls into the bloodstream and go to the focus of the disease through the vessel .
In medicine we use hirudoreflexotherapy put leeches on reflexogenic point as " needle Life ".

Indications for treatment with medicinal leeches :

* Cardiovascular diseases , including essential hypertension and ischemic
   diseases , diseases phlebogene of the lower extremities ;
* Chronic bronchitis , pneumonia , bronchial asthma ;
* Digestive tract diseases ( hepatitis , cholecystitis , pancreatitis , gastric ulcer ) ;
* ENT Disease ;
* Paradontosis and other dental diseases ;
* Urological diseases ;
* Male sterility ;
* Skin diseases ( neurodermatitis , psoriasis , eczema , herpes ) ;
* Gynecological disorders ( commissural process in the small pelvis ,
* Female infertility ,
* Adnexitis chronic , parametritis ,
* Endometriosis , fibromastopathy ) ;
* Systemic diseases ( rheumatoid arthritis , systemic lupus erythematosus , scleroderma ) ;
* Osteochondrosis and radiculitis ;
* Eye diseases , including glaucoma ;
* Infantile cerebral paralysis ( ICP ) and other diseases .
* Therapy Hirudotherapy properties :

Blood shortage.

Leech therapy is always associated with a certain degree of blood loss , which is clinically irrelevant in most cases . In clinical trials by Michalsen , losses mean hemoglobin 0.7 mg / dL of blood loss , and clinically relevant not occur in any of the patients studied . However , there is a strong afterbleeding isolated observations with a decrease in hemoglobin value , especially in cases where the leech was accidentally applied directly to the superficial veins . According to the Essen-Mitte Hospital, clinically relevant decrease in hemoglobin (> 3 mg/dL) occurred after leech therapy in two patients , one of whom required blood transfusion ( after being treated with six leeches for osteoarthritis of the knee ) . Asked retrospective , one patient stated that he was , in his opinion , prolonged bleeding injuries in the past . In other cases , afterbleeding from leech bites lasted for 36 hours and must be stopped by skin sutures . extensive coagulation test is then performed but did not reveal any specific coagulation disorders . Prior to the occurrence of abnormal bleeding anamnestically seem important , and patients should be specifically questioned about the incident . Anticoagulants are drugs simultaneously important to see . If low-dose aspirin is prescribed in combination with other platelet aggregation inhibitors ( clopidogrel , Iscover , Plavix ) or high -dose fish oil ( Omacor ) , a small number of leeches ( 3-4 ) should be used initially. blood counts should always be obtained before the start of leech therapy. To reliably prevent the loss of the relevant amount of blood , the leech therapist should never use more than 12 twisters in a single treatment session.

Impaired Wound Healing , superinfection , and Allergies .

Once the leech drops off , the edge of the wound three branches generally swell during 12-48 hours accompanied by feelings of local tension , hot , and flushed . Small blood spots ( ecchymoses ) develop under the skin around the bite of a leech . larger collection of blood rarely develops . Such as superficial bruises , blood spots initially reddish purple , then turn yellowish , and finally disappeared in about two weeks . Localized inflammation , sometimes with papulous height of the bite site , is a relatively common problem that is often accompanied by itching . This inflammation usually subsides quickly when the ice and left . The cause of this disorder is unknown wound - healing . improper handling , especially early termination afterbleeding from wounds , leech head squeezed with pliers , strong deletion of leeches before finished eating , and the failure to keep the animals in freshwater , has frequently been implicated as a potential cause . However , it has also been observed to occur right after leech treatment in isolated cases . Theoretically, Aeromonas hydrophila local infection with a potential cause , but so far there is no evidence of microbiological presence of Aeromonas hydrophila in the wound fluid of affected patients . more severe local inflammation is most often caused by secondary wound contamination or irritation due to mechanical irritation , such as scratching and rubbing . Patients should be informed of the overall importance of protecting the wound from mechanical irritation . According to survey hospitals , more severe local inflammation occurs in three isolated cases : One patient developed erysipelas and two lymphangitis being developed . All cases resolved rapidly in response to treatment with cephalosporin antibiotics and / or gyrase inhibitors . Obedience localization contraindications and recommendations to minimize the risk of local inflammation . In case it is not clear where the progressive and painful skin redness develops , especially if it is associated with increased temperature , the leech therapist should know to administer antibiotics immediately . Pseudolymphomas may occur in rare cases , this is caused by efflorescences papulous reaction to arthropod bites leech . Currently , no data are used to assess the exact frequency of these side effects . To our knowledge , a total of three documented and confirmed cases have been reported .
It is difficult to distinguish the wound - healing secondary disturbance of potential allergic reactions . precise data on the frequency of allergic reactions to the bite of a leech is not available . Local itching , a common side effect of leeching , should not be construed as an allergic reaction . allergic reactions such as urticaria firmly while and locodistant swelling have been reported in a few isolated cases . However , local symptoms , reflex erythema and urticarial dermographism psychovegetatively unstable individuals have been studied more frequently . An older case reports describe the occurrence of short -term anaphylactic shock after six leeches applied to the temple area . Some experts manage systemic antihistamines leech therapy for the treatment of localized allergic reaction to ( empirical ) good success . However , response rates for both antihistamines are not evidence per se of allergens : A certain level of placebo response to antihistamines should also be taken into account . Which may be boosting existing antibiotics allergic to leech therapy is also proposed in case reports .
When interpreting a local reaction that occurs after leech therapy , it is important to remember that the protease in the saliva of leeches release various types of mediators nonimmunological . Furthermore , the reaction may be exacerbated by factors psychovegetative . All in all , there are only a few cases in which a relationship between leech therapy and the occurrence of allergic reactions has been proven with reasonable certainty . However , potential allergic reactions occur after exposure to any foreign protein . Contact dermatitis has also been observed after the use of leeches ointment .
Short-term reactive swelling and / or tenderness of the lymph nodes proximal have occasionally been reported , but most often in patients with delayed wound healing . This phenomenon has most often develops in the groin area after application of leeches for the treatment of knee joint, hip joint, or varicose veins. Quickly and smoothly loss swollen lymph nodes all of which are described in case reports.

Blood poisoning .

Sepsis due to systemic infection with Aeromonas hydrophila has been repeatedly observed after application of leeches in reconstructive surgery indications , but not in any of the other relevant fields used . This supports the conclusion that the risk of Aeromonas hydrophila sepsis increased only in patients with severe underlying disease or immunosuppression , which often occur in surgical candidates for leech therapy . Therefore we recommend concurrent antibiotic treatment for all surgical patients receiving leech therapy . In the rest of the field of use , the primary antibiotic therapy does not seem to be required in accordance with the current state of knowledge , but must be considered relevant contraindications.

Transmission of Infectious Diseases .

At this time , medicinal leeches are generally only used once . Therefore , there is no risk of indirect transfer of infectious diseases from one patient to another . Aeromonas hydrophila primary infection with clinically relevant only if the leech goes for transplant surgery . Concurrent antibiotic treatment therefore recommended for prophylaxis of infection in these cases ( see above ) . Transmission of pathogenic bacteria or other viruses to humans in the context of leech therapy has not been observed so far.

Scars.

If allowed , the former is usually rapid leech shrunk to hardly visible or invisible signs three small branches disappear completely within one to three weeks . However , if the impaired wound healing wounds due to scratching or secondary infections , scars will remain visible for a long time significantly . Papulous skin changes over the last few months have also been reported in isolated cases . In one case , a " reaction to arthropod " permanent also been reported after treatment leeches . Significant scarring may occur especially when leeches are applied to
areas with thin skin and a thin layer of subcutaneous tissue or joint area where the skin is constant movement . Wearing tight clothing after treatment , for example, around the knee , can also result in scar formation .
For aesthetic reasons , the control is recommended when using leeches in the face or in part apparent and other relevant cosmetics from the body . Here , we re- emphasize that it is necessary to thoroughly inform patients about the potential risks of treatment , including scar tissue , and to obtain written informed consent from the patient before going ahead with the treatment .

Safety and Side Effects Leech Therapy .

leech therapy rarely ever lead to serious complications . Local pain medication and short-term side effects itching usual . Prior to treatment , patients should be advised accordingly and asked to sign a consent form that describes the side effects that are relevant ( see Appendix ) . Prevalence data from systematic and prospective studies are only available for a few different side effects of leech therapy . The following analysis is compiled using data from published efficacy studies and case reports , as well as from personal observation . Quality control data on adverse events documented in more than 1000 cases treated at the Hospital Essen-Mitte, especially for the treatment of degenerative joint disease, is also included in the analysis .

Local Pain During Treatment .

Local pain perception varies leeching . Most patients describe the local dragging pain that occurs immediately after leech bites and lasts for about one to five minutes . Such as saliva more and more introduced into the network , the anesthetic effect of leech saliva comes into force . The intensity of the pain from the bite of the leech and the first phase is generally described as a light meal or ignored ( depending on the individual 's pain threshold ) , but some patients find the pain is more intense , similar to a wasp sting . Perceived intensity of leech bites varies from one person to another . subjective pain ratings ranged from " hardly noticeable " to " mild " ( similar to stinging nettle pain ) to " similar to a wasp sting " ( very rare ) . Sensation ( or sometimes a bit strong ) rhythmic normally attract little attention for one to three minutes after the start of feeding .
Does stimulation of the same intensity exactly considered painful or not perceived at all of course depends on the personality of the individual , but also depends on the concentration of the people on the leech or leech therapy attitudes toward . Individual leech jaw size , bite force , the intensity of suction , and the volume and composition of leech saliva also plays a role . Many people never even notice the bites of leeches , for example when they are bitten under the water , while their attention is focused on something else . Often , patients are more anxious that focuses on getting ready for the leech bite , the higher the perception of pain . Leech therapist should keep in mind during the preparation phase and during treatment . A diversion can often help . It is also useful to allow the patient to " get to know " "his" or " her " to convince the leech and leech treatment of patients with a confident manner . If latex gloves must be worn for health reasons , the leech therapist does not have to use forceps on leeches . Many patients lose their aversion to leeches when they show how they swim and elegant beautiful colored patterns on their backs shown . Many people report that the patient's attitude toward the leech changes from negative to positive after a positive treatment experience . Most of the concerns are projected to leech is based on ancient fears rather than on objective facts . We also recommend that kill leeches in front of the patient . If leeches had to be killed after treatment , the animals should be frozen and placed in a solution of 90 % alcohol a few days later .

Itching local .

Transient leech bites itch in place within the first few days after treatment is very common and should not be mistaken for an allergic reaction . In a study of the efficacy of leech therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee , approximately 70 % of patients treated with leeches developed local itching that lasts an average of two days . Transient itching occurs at a frequency that is comparable , but the level of intensity is strong in many cases in which leeches were applied to the more peripheral joints , such as the thumb , but at lower levels after treatment of large joints and vertebrogenic zone , according to empirical assessment . Patients can be advised prior to treatment side effects . Patients should not scratch the bites of leeches , especially after the initial wound closure , because it often delays wound healing . We recommend local cooling solution ( curd wraps, cold moist wrap, wrap vinegar ). For more severe itching, antipruritic commercial products ( eg , ointment Fenistil ) or oral antihistamines may be used . Some experts prescribe oral antihistamines leech therapy to patients in conjunction with a known history of a severe reaction ( itching and redness of the skin ) for leech therapy . Isolated reports describe brief relapse hives are in certain situations ( eg , high temperature ) for several months after an otherwise uneventful course of leech therapy .

Hypotension and Vasovagal attack.

Patients with a history of developing vasovagal attack or syncope ( fainting ) before other invasive treatment methods also can develop a reaction like that at the start of or during leech therapy . One survey showed that vasovagal attack occurs in one of 1000 leech treatment performed in our hospital . Therefore , the leech therapist should always ask about the patient's prior history of vasovagal attack or pass out before procedures such as blood sampling or acupuncture . To guard against vasovagal attack , the patient should drink plenty of fluids before and during treatment , and treatment should always be done in a soothing environment while the patient is lying down . Two cases of hypotension and syncope outpatient Vasodepressor following leech therapy were also observed . Both patients known arterial hypertension and three antihypertensive drugs , which they continue to take as normal . A few hours after leech therapy , two patients developed a brief attack of benign syncope . It is important to remember that leeching has known antihypertensive effects when treating patients on antihypertensive drugs . Patients should drink plenty of fluids . If there is a strong flow of blood from leech bites , the patient's blood pressure should be monitored and antihypertensive medications should be adjusted as needed .
Prior to treatment , patients should be advised accordingly and asked to sign a consent form that describes the side effects that are relevant ( see Appendix ) . Prevalence data from systematic and prospective studies are only available for a few different side effects of leech therapy . The following analysis is compiled using data from published efficacy studies and case reports , as well as from personal observation . Quality control data on adverse events documented in more than 1000 cases treated at the Hospital Essen - Mitte , especially for the treatment of degenerative joint disease , is also included in the analysis .

Local Pain During Treatment .

Local pain perception varies leeching . Most patients describe the local dragging pain that occurs immediately after leech bites and lasts for about one to five minutes . Such as saliva more and more introduced into the network , the anesthetic effect of leech saliva comes into force . The intensity of the pain from the bite of the leech and the first phase is generally described as a light meal or ignored ( depending on the individual 's pain threshold ) , but some patients find the pain is more intense , similar to a wasp sting . Perceived intensity of leech bites varies from one person to another . subjective pain ratings ranged from " hardly noticeable " to " mild " ( similar to stinging nettle pain ) to " similar to a wasp sting " ( very rare ) . Sensation ( or sometimes a bit strong ) rhythmic normally attract little attention for one to three minutes after the start of feeding .
Does stimulation of the same intensity exactly considered painful or not perceived at all of course depends on the personality of the individual , but also depends on the concentration of the people on the leech or leech therapy attitudes toward . Individual leech jaw size , bite force , the intensity of suction , and the volume and composition of leech saliva also plays a role . Many people never even notice the bites of leeches , for example when they are bitten under the water , while their attention is focused on something else . Often , patients are more anxious that focuses on getting ready for the leech bite , the higher the perception of pain . Leech therapist should keep in mind during the preparation phase and during treatment . A diversion can often help . It is also useful to allow the patient to " get to know " "his" or " her " to convince the leech and leech treatment of patients with a confident manner . If latex gloves must be worn for health reasons , the leech therapist does not have to use forceps on leeches . Many patients lose their aversion to leeches when they show how they swim and elegant beautiful colored patterns on their backs shown . Many people report that the patient's attitude toward the leech changes from negative to positive after a positive treatment experience . Most of the concerns are projected to leech is based on ancient fears rather than on objective facts . We also recommend that kill leeches in front of the patient . If leeches had to be killed after treatment , the animals should be frozen and placed in a solution of 90 % alcohol a few days later .

Itching local .

Transient leech bites itch in place within the first few days after treatment is very common and should not be mistaken for an allergic reaction . In a study of the efficacy of leech therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee , approximately 70 % of patients treated with leeches developed local itching that lasts an average of two days . Transient itching occurs at a frequency that is comparable , but the level of intensity is strong in many cases in which leeches were applied to the more peripheral joints , such as the thumb , but at lower levels after treatment of large joints and vertebrogenic zone , according to empirical assessment . Patients can be advised prior to treatment side effects . Patients should not scratch the bites of leeches , especially after the initial wound closure , because it often delays wound healing . We recommend local cooling solution ( curd wraps, cold moist wrap, wrap vinegar ). For more severe itching, antipruritic commercial products ( eg , ointment Fenistil ) or oral antihistamines may be used . Some experts prescribe oral antihistamines leech therapy to patients in conjunction with a known history of a severe reaction ( itching and redness of the skin ) for leech therapy . Isolated reports describe brief relapse hives are in certain situations ( eg , high temperature ) for several months after an otherwise uneventful course of leech therapy .

Hypotension and Vasovagal attack .

Patients with a history of developing vasovagal attack or syncope ( fainting ) before other invasive treatment methods also can develop a reaction like that at the start of or during leech therapy . One survey showed that vasovagal attack occurs in one of 1000 leech treatment performed in our hospital . Therefore , the leech therapist should always ask about the patient's prior history of vasovagal attack or pass out before procedures such as blood sampling or acupuncture . To guard against vasovagal attack , the patient should drink plenty of fluids before and during treatment , and treatment should always be done in a soothing environment while the patient is lying down . Two cases of hypotension and syncope outpatient Vasodepressor following leech therapy were also observed . Both patients known arterial hypertension and three antihypertensive drugs , which they continue to take as normal . A few hours after leech therapy , two patients developed a brief attack of benign syncope . It is important to remember that leeching has known antihypertensive effects when treating patients on antihypertensive drugs . Patients should drink plenty of fluids . If there is a strong flow of blood from leech bites , the patient's blood pressure should be monitored and antihypertensive medications should be adjusted as needed .

Medicinal leeches .

Approximately 600 species of leeches have been identified to date , but only about 15 are used in the treatment . Leeches classified as " medicinal leeches " , Hirudo medicinalis , in the narrow sense has been used to treat patients for centuries .
The first documented account of the use of Hirudo medicinalis for medicinal purposes dates back to the time of Hippocrates . According to Sanskrit writings , Dhavantari , the father of Indian medicine , held nectar in one hand and a leech on the other hand . Leech therapy is also used in traditional Chinese medicine . Paintings of medicinal leeches have been found in the tombs of pharaohs . The Solomon Parables also describe leech treatment use in ancient medicine . Leech therapy in the treatment of Greece can be found in the poem by Nicandros Alexipharmacia . The Roman physician Galen classified leech terapy as a method to achieve a healthy balance . Avicenna also used leeches for healing aids. In the past leeches have proven the most effective treatment in many cases. Leeches were especially useful in the treatment of battle wounds . European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries imported over 100 million leeches every year to meet the high demand .
Currently , doctors use leeches for treating abscesses , painful joints , glaucoma , myasthenia , and to heal venous diseases and thrombosis . Medical leeches are used in plastic surgery , to improve brain circulation and for the treatment of infertility .
Common indications for leech therapy are :
inflammatory reaction
Heart Disease
Rheumatic Diseases
Tendovaginitis and Tendinitis
Venous Disease and Varicose Veins
arthrosis
arthritis
muscle tension
Antidyscratic therapy ( blood purification and regeneration ) of toxicoses and mental illness
Thrombosis and embolism
Passive congestions and spastic conditions
Vertebrogenic Pain Syndromes
Transudates and exudates
A simple principle lies at the heart of all miracles - Hirudo . During feeding, leeches secrete a complex mixture of different biologically and pharmacologically active ingredients into the wound . Hirudin is the best known component of leech saliva . Hirudin is sometimes used to describe all the active substances in leech saliva . In fact , hirudin only refer to a particular active substance in leech salive . Component of leech saliva drug effects in the host's body is :
* Hirudin : Inhibits blood coagulation by binding to thrombin
* Calin : Inhibits blood clots by blocking the binding of von factors
   Willebrand for collagen . Inhibit collagen - mediated platelet aggregation
* Destabilase : Monomerizing activities . Soluble fibrin . effects of thrombolytic
* Hirustasin : Inhibits kallikrein , trypsin , chymotrypsin , cathepsin G neutropholic
* Bdellins : Anti - inflammatory . Inhibit trypsin , plasmin , acrosin
* Hyaluronidase : Increasing the viscosity of the interstitial . antibiotic
* Tryptase inhibitors : Inhibits proteolytic enzymes of host mast cells
* Eglins : Anti - inflammatory. Inhibit the activity of alpha - chymotrypsin, chymase, substilisin, elastase, cathepsin G
Inhibiting Factor Xa inhibitors : coagulation factor xa activity by forming
  equimolar complex
* Inhibitors : Complementary May possibly replace natural complement inhibitors if they lack
* Carboxypeptidase : A inhibitors Increases blood flow at the site of the bite
* Histaminelike : vasodilator substances . Increases blood flow at the site of the bite
* Acetylcholine : vasodilator
* Subsctance anesthesia : anesthesia

Effects leech bites .

Although some types of blood sucking leeches, not all species can bite,
only 90  % of their feed from decomposing bodies and open wounds of amphibians , reptiles, waterfowl, fish, and mammals ( including, but not limited to, humans ). A leech attaches when biting, and will remain attached to having a blood content. Because anticoagulant ( hirudin ) that leeches secrete , bites may bleed more than normal wound after the leech removed. Effect of anticoagulants will disappear a few hours after the leech is removed and the wound cleaned .
Leeches normally carry parasites in their digestive tract that can not survive in humans and do not pose a threat . However , bacteria , viruses , and parasites from previous blood sources can survive within a leech for months , and may be transmitted back to humans . A study found both HIV and hepatitis in African leeches from Cameroon . ( Hirudotherapy ethics therefore is always using leeches that had never been used )
Although some types of blood sucking leeches, not all species can bite, only 90% of their feed from decomposing bodies and open wounds of amphibians, reptiles, waterfowl, fish, and mammals (including, but not limited to, humans). A leech attaches when biting, and will remain attached to having a blood content. Because anticoagulant (hirudin) that leeches secrete, bites may bleed more than normal wound after the leech removed. Effect of anticoagulants will disappear a few hours after the leech is removed and the wound cleaned. Leeches normally carry parasites in their digestive tract that can not survive in humans and do not pose a threat. However, bacteria, viruses, and parasites from previous blood sources can survive within a leech for months, and may be transmitted back to humans.
A study found both HIVdan hepatitis in African leeches from Cameroon. (Hirudotherapy ethics therefore is always using leeches that had never been used).
Thank you for reading this article . Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2014/01/did-you-know-about-leeches-?.html
DatePublished: January 27, 2014 at 11:30
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Saturday, 13 February 2016

Did You Know The Benefits of Milk Etawa.

Benefits of Milk Milk Etawa Etawa believed to have tremendous benefits for a variety of health. It is based on research that Etawa milk contains nutrients and minerals are fairly complete. Among them, phosphorus, calcium, sodium and fluorine. Therefore, milk Etawa claimed to have benefits that almost equivalent to breastmilk.
Etawa.

By looking at the nutritional content is very diverse and complete, it is not surprising that the benefits of milk Etawa also quite numerous and varied. What are the benefits of milk Etawa? Some of the reviews about the health benefits of milk for Etawa.

Benefits and Uses Milk Etawa are :

It has a natural anti-inflammatory properties.

Milk is naturally homogenized Etawa. Fat globules contained in milk Etawa can solve themselves into smaller parts when compared to cow's milk. It is beneficial to facilitate digestion and absorption of food by the body.

For people who suffer from bowel problems or gastrointestinal disorders caused by inflammation, milk Etawa very good to eat. Probiotic properties found in milk Etawa can encourage the development of the digestive system better.

Contains essential fatty acids.

Etawa milk contains about 35% higher fatty acids when compared to cow's milk only has 17%. In addition, milk Etawa more pronounced efficacy when taken in a raw state. Even for those who are lactose intolerant. Milk Etawa also beneficial for lowering high cholesterol. Antimicrobial fatty acids such as caprylic and capric acid found in milk Etawa also useful for improving the digestive system.

Improve the digestive system.

As mentioned earlier, milk Etawa very good for digestive health. This milk has the ability to soothe your digestive tract and suppress hunger effectively making it very suitable for weight loss. Moreover, the absence of protein complexes in milk Etawa make less milk allergy compared with cow's milk.

Does not cause allergies.

Many people complain that turns cow's milk can make them prone to allergies and respiratory diseases. But you do not worry, milk Etawa is an alternative that is very potent and efficacious to resolve the issue. High fat content in cow's milk is the cause of the accumulation of mucus that trigger allergies. Fat globules contained in milk Etawa only one ninth of the fat present in cow's milk. Therefore, irritation of your intestines due to consumption of milk can be avoided.

Acting as a metabolic agent.

Research and studies conducted on milk Etawa concluded that milk is closely related Etawa increased ability to absorb iron and copper, especially in people who have impaired digestive system.

Rich in calcium.

Although people consume cow's milk to increase calcium intake and prevent osteoporosis, you should also try Etawa milk because milk Etawa very rich in calcium and amino acid tryptophan.

As good nutrition and natural.

Goats are known as bio-organic sodium animals because efficacious to improve morale, flexibility and vitality for those who like to consume goat milk. Sodium bio-organic elements that keep joints supple and healthy. In addition, milk Etawa also widely used as a drug to maintain and regenerate the nervous system.

Can treat tuberculosis and asthma.

Milk Etawa it can be used as a medicine to cure tuberculosis and asthma because it contains Fluorine and Betakasein. In addition, milk Etawa also beneficial for those who have problems with breathing.

Good for pregnant and lactating mothers.

Another benefit of milk Etawa named as additional nutrition for pregnant women. In addition, the impact of milk consumption in pregnant women Etawa will nourish the fetus as well. As for nursing mothers, milk Etawa good to facilitate breastfeeding.

Can nourish the skin.

Did you know that milk Etawa it can be used as face masks and scrubs. This method is useful for smoothing the skin and tightens pores so free from various skin problems such as acne.

Benefits of Milk Etawa For Body And Skin.

Like any other milks, milk Etawa also very well taken by all ages because it is very beneficial for health. Of the value of the nutrients, milk Etawa not inferior to other milks, milk even Etawa has several advantages which are very striking. Milk Etawa also recommended consumed for the growth of the baby, pregnant women, breast-feeding mothers, the elderly, and also for healing various diseases as well as for skin beauty. Etawa milk can also be processed into milk powder, cheese, and other dairy products using.

Regarding Milk Mistaken assumption Etawa.

The myth that assumes that goat's milk should not be consumed by people with hypertension (high blood pressure) is not true. The content of "Potassium (Potassium)" contained in the milk Etawa it serves to control blood pressure and may reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Content of Milk Etawa.

Results of research conducted by the United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) shows dairy nutrition Etawa approaching perfect composition of breast milk. Every 100 grams of goat milk contains 3-4% protein, 4-7% fat, 4.5% carbohydrates, 134 grams of calcium and 111 g of phosphorus. The chemical composition Etawa milk contains proteins, fats, carbohydrates, calories, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, sodium, potassium, vitamin A, B1 (IU), B2 (mg), B6, B12, C, D, E, Niacin , V, Pantotenant Acid, Choline and Inositol. Children who consume goat milk has good bone density, increased hemoglobin levels, as well as the adequacy of vitamin A, B1, B2 and B3 are essential for the growth and development of brain and nerve cells. Amino acids containing sulfur element methionine, cystine and cysteine essential for building healthy brain and nervous system, as well as play a role in the formation of blood cells antidote (detoxification) of hazardous chemicals into the body.

Excess Milk Etawa.

- In terms of nutrition, composition, and the nature, Milk Etawa composition and chemical properties of natural breast milk contains close.
- Have antiseptic properties, natural and can help reduce the breeding of bacteria in the body. This is caused the presence of Fluorine are 10-100 times greater than in cow's milk.
- Is wet (Alkaline Food) that is safe for the body.
- Protein lactase its effect soft and lightweight, so it does not cause diarrhea.
- Protein content contained better than eggs.
- Fat is easily digested because it has a soft and smooth texture is smaller than the grain fat cow's milk or other milk. Homogeneous and also be experienced.
- This makes it easier to digest so that suppress the onset of allergic reactions.
- Milk Etawa can be ingested by humans 20 minutes faster than the other milk.
- Efficacy for the Health of Dairy Ingredients Etawa
- Etawa milk contains sodium (Na), fluorine (F), Calcium (C), and phosphorus (P) as the dominant chemical elements and other nutritional content.

Milk Etawa has a property :

- Helps digestion and neutralize stomach acid.
- As a healing therapy of asthma, tuberculosis and acute lung infection chronic.
- Helps to treat allergic skin and other organs.
- Increase stamina and endurance.
- Addressing the problem of impotence / frigidity and increase the vitality of adult men and women.
- Efficacious for patients with abnormal renal function or in the medical world called neprotic syndrome.
- Efficacious as a healing therapy uric acid.
- Efficacious for bone formation, is highly recommended for those who suffer from rheumatism and prevent bone loss / OSTEOPHOROSIS.
- Helping to provide nutrition and other metabolic disorders.
- Helps smooth the skin because it has no milk Etawa in the form of soap.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/02/did-you-know-the-benefits-of-milk-etawa.html
DatePublished: 13 February 2015 at 18:58
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Wednesday, 29 July 2015

Do You Know Islamic life in the White Elephant Affairs.

As we all know, Thailand is a country that is often known as the land of the white elephant. The country is also famous as a tourist destination for tourists from around the world. Agriculture is also one of the mainstays of the country. Almost all agricultural and plantation products originating from Thailand is an excellent product.

In general, the people of Thailand are Buddhist. According to the population census in 2000, the majority of citizens are Buddhist Thailand (94.6%), and Islam (4.6%), and the rest is Christian and Catholic. But this time the numbers of Muslims believed to exceed the figure of 10%, or about 7.4 million of the 67 million inhabitants of Thailand. This suggests that the growth of Muslims in this country continue to rise.

Overview of Islamic life.

Most of the Muslims in this country live in southern Thailand, which are located mainly in the provinces of Yala, Narattiwat, and Pattani. In the cultural and physical appearance, they are closer to the Malay community. If we look at the history that has passed, these areas was not part of Thailand. But since 1808, Thailand invaded the region and making it as its own territory. Of course, many conflicts that occur because Thailand is a Buddhist country that considers the king as a descendant of the gods. So many rituals of shirk which is contrary to Islam itself. Rebellion has ever happened, and until recently there were still contradictions that occur due to differences in these principles.

Although the majority of Muslims in the southern part of Thailand, but not necessarily in other parts of Thailand there are no Muslim. Say Bangkok, capital of Thailand. In Bangkok, we can easily see the mosque. Although the majority of Muslims in Bangkok are migrants from the southern part of Thailand (physically can be recognized easily, because bloody wither), but also quite a lot of bloody Muslim native Thailand (usually white). This shows the propagation of Islam goes well in Bangkok.

When we went to mosques in Thailand, we will realize that a lot of similarities Muslim life in Thailand and Indonesia. The majority of Muslims in Thailand are Sunni Shafi'i. And in general, they are very similar to the existing Nahdliyin in our country. Easily we meet remembrance event congregation, nasyid, and various prayers. Every mosque also usually have the eminent clerics in situ.

Of youth (mostly students) plenty of diligent study in this noble salaf manhaj. They are quite diligent conduct scientific studies in the mosque, although sometimes at odds with the board of the mosque itself. Although they were dealing with a limited library that they can access (because not all speak Arabic), but they are very eager to uphold the Quran and Sunnah with the understanding of the righteous ones. They also reveal all their early Islam openly. They grew a beard, not isbal, even on campus ever we can sometimes see sisters who are veiled. And qadarullah, they are also the one who became one of the causes of the authors get the guidance for constancy in the methodology of this noble.

Support the Kingdom of Thailand against Islam.

Although Thailand is a Buddhist country, but the kingdom is quite supportive of Islamic life of the inhabitants. Responsibility matters concerning Islam in Thailand carried by a mufti who got the title of Shaykh al-Islam (Chularajmontree). Mufti is under the interior ministry and the ministry of education and responsible to the king. Mufti duty to set policy related to Muslim life, such as determining the beginning and end of the month hijriyah.

Islam Mufti provincial council oversees the 26 people from each province. And the council oversees approximately 3494 mosques in Thailand [2]. The center of activity is located in Bangkok, namely the Islamic Center located in the Ramkhamhaeng area. Moreover, in every university there are usually Muslim Student Club. Usually these groups have a special place that can also be used to pray.

In general, the people of Thailand are also very tolerant of Muslims. They are quite concerned with the food that we can eat, and they are also very easy to give permission to perform prayers. But because Thailand is a Buddhist country, so the big day of the Muslims (Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha) Insist that they do not. This can sometimes be an obstacle for students or employees who want to implement Eid prayer congregation. But usually each institution to provide relief for "ditching" at these times.

Food.

Many people think that getting food in Thailand is a difficult case. But in reality, halal food is easily available anywhere. Say if we go to the campus cafeteria. Usually in each cafeteria complex there is a halal food stall. If we go to the market, there is usually a halal butchers slaughtered syar'i. If we want to eat kosher shop though, we simply find the nearest mosque. Usually there are settlements near the mosque Muslims and kosher food vendors. In shopping malls though usually we can find a kosher restaurant.

But one of the things that make Muslims feel safe in Thailand will be the availability of kosher food is the halal certification body is very strong. By accessing www.halal.or.th course we already can find a list of products and kosher restaurants in Thailand. Even the packaging products in supermarkets too many have been certified kosher issued by the agency. So that Muslims in Thailand can freely choose where to eat and not.

One of the people who contributed in the field of halal certification is Winai Dahlan, an associate professor at Chulalongkorn University. He is the grandson of KHA Dahlan. He is currently the director of the Halal Science Center at the university. He was very eager to help the promotion of halal food to the rest of the world. It could even be said to be progress on halal food in Thailand is already a step ahead compared to Indonesia because they do vigorous promotion.

Being a Muslim in Thailand.

Exposure above shows the various descriptions of the lives of Muslims in Thailand. But in general, be a Muslim living in Thailand full of uphill battle.

As we know that Thailand is a country that is free. The majority of the population likes the night life, promiscuity, and drinking liquor. Besides music boom can be encountered anywhere. The girl was dressed very minimal. For someone who is weak in faith, of course, the invasion of disobedience in the environment is a significant challenge.

In any confidence, we can see the practice of Shirk spread everywhere. Almost in every house there is a small temple where they put offerings. Even normally traders it was put offerings in their stores. Their exaltation in the kingdom had already exceeded the limit. The king is regarded as descendants of the gods so that they make a god. Monk also get very special treatment. They would give anything if it met the monk, just to get a blessing from them. Of course, the practice of shirk which is scattered throughout the earth Thailand continues contrary to the hearts of the Muslims.

Therefore, the Muslims in Thailand usually live in groups in order to mutually maintain. Near the mosque there is usually a Muslim village. In addition, there are also some areas in Bangkok that has percentage sizeable Muslim population. They tried to create a good environment in order to live outside covered disobedience earlier.

Sometimes the groups that live in these regions were gathered because of the similarity rate. There are areas in Bangkok named Kampung Jawa. In such areas, residents are descendants of Javanese who had lived there for generations. There is a mosque in the village of Java. There was also the Indonesian Mosque. There are quite a lot of citizens descended from many countries and form their own community. It was none other than their efforts to keep each other from very different cultural life with Islamic values. Usually they have forgotten the language of their respective countries. Winai Dahlan as mentioned earlier, also could not speak Indonesian at all.

Such is the life of Islam in the land of the white elephant. Perhaps we had no idea that we have brothers and sisters who continue to struggle to live while maintaining a sound belief in the pagan land. Hopefully this makes us all to always be grateful and also increasingly eager to study. Them with all the limitations of existing facilities, still trying to find the truth in the understanding of the Deen of Islam. May God always keep our brothers and sisters have.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
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name: Bambang Sunarno.
http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/07/do-you-know-islamic-life-in-the-white-elephant-affairs.html
DatePublished: July 29, 2015 at 17:27
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Did you know that the ancient civilization virtually unknown.

If mentioned about ancient cultures and stunning, what is stopping in your mind? Perhaps you will answer the Inca, Aztec, Egyptian, or ancient Greek. Though there are many other ancient cultures were also instrumental to the development of history.

Ancient cultures following equally amazing and invite the question mark when compared with ancient civilizations mentioned earlier. Even some of them older and culture gives much influence to the ancient civilizations that we know today. But for various reasons, ranging from lack of historical evidence to the lack of research on the ruins of the site causing prehistoric cultures is less well known.

Hatti.

Hatti is an ancient civilization that used to occupy the area of ​​Anatolia, Turkey.
Hatti is an ancient civilization that used to occupy the area of ​​Anatolia, Turkey. This civilization is most likely derived from the 26th century to 18 BC. Hatti population is believed to be the people who created the oldest urban areas. Most archaeologists believe that the residents of Hatti was the first resident who inhabit Anatolia region before the more famous Hittite civilization. While the Hittites arrived in Anatolia 23 century BC. Hatti culture is the root of Hittite culture. These two cultures slowly acculturated and Het adopting religious beliefs and practices Hatti. Then cultural identity Hatti was blended into Hittite culture.

Their existence is not much left of historical evidence. Can only be traced through artifacts tablets Akkadian nation. Hatti nation is likely to have its own spoken language, but there is no written evidence about him has ever been found.

Zapotec.

Aztec and Maya cultures appears to be the most ancient human civilizations known in the Americas.
Aztec and Maya cultures appears to be the most ancient human civilizations known in the Americas. But in addition to two cultures that are known for having advanced knowledge for its time it was still there Zapotec culture that history is not widely known.

Zapotec civilization is pre-Colombus civilization that flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca, the American continent. Archaeological evidence shows that their civilization can be traced back to 2500 years ago. They left archaeological evidence in the ancient city of Monte Alban. Zapotec nation once founded a city with advanced architecture that is now known by the name of Monte Alban. This city is home to 25,000 residents for more than 1,200 years.

Like most ancient civilization in Mesoamerica, Zapotec civilization disappeared from the world. But not known with certainty the cause of the downfall of that culture. Their biggest cities mostly left intact, to collapse on itself because of the times inedible. Some experts believe the failure of an economic system that encourages downfall Zapotec. The absence of livelihood caused the Zapotec population migrated to other areas and leave their cities for granted.

Hurri.

Hurri nation are ethnic groups that inhabit the North Mesopotamia and the surrounding area during the Bronze Age. Hurri state is known as the most powerful and influential is the Mitanni kingdom.
Hurri nation are ethnic groups that inhabit the North Mesopotamia and the surrounding area during the Bronze Age. Hurri state is known as the most powerful and influential is the Mitanni kingdom. One of their largest cities known as Urkesh and is located in the northeast of Syria. Urkes is the location of the discovery of ancient texts, tablets of stone, and the sculpture which is now known as the Louvre lion. Empire residents Hittites in Anatolia which is the nation's many Hurri, and there was a great cultural influence Hurri against the Hittites and Hittite mythology. Although believed to be the nation that tends nomadic, modern archaeologists believe that Hurri may have a great impact on the development of culture in the surrounding civilizations. This is evident from their different languages ​​from the Semitic and Indo-European culture in the other.

Louvre knew most powerful and influential is the Mitanni kingdom. One of their largest cities known as Urkesh and is located in the northeast of Syria. Urkes is the location of the discovery of ancient texts, tablets of stone, and the sculpture which is now known as the Louvre lion. Empire residents Hittites in Anatolia which is the nation's many Hurri, and there was a great cultural influence Hurri against the Hittites and Hittite mythology. Although believed to be the nation that tends nomadic, modern archaeologists believe that Hurri may have a great impact on the development of culture in the surrounding civilizations. This is evident from their different languages ​​from the Semitic and Indo-European culture in the other.

However, at the end of the second millennium BC, almost all traces of ethnic Hurri has disappeared. Their history is written in the language of Hurri found in Mesopotamian artifacts. Unfortunately, very few artefacts made by the Hurri themselves were found. Most of their history comes from the writings of other cultures, including Hittite, Sumerian, and Egyptian.

Nok.

Nok is an ancient civilization that once inhabited the area of ​​Nigeria. Nok civilization flourished during the first millennium BC, before finally disappearing without obvious cause in the next century.
Nok is an ancient civilization that once inhabited the area of ​​Nigeria. Nok civilization flourished during the first millennium BC, before finally disappearing without obvious cause in the next century. Some theories mention the cause of the collapse of this civilization is the excessive exploitation of natural resources resulting decline in population numbers. Although it is believed as one of the oldest civilizations in Africa, very little evidence of their existence and therefore difficult to study.

Modern archaeologists believe that the Nok culture has an important role in the development of other cultures in the vicinity such as Yoruba and Benin. Nok nation seems to have the knowledge and spirit of high art, seen from the evidence of historical relics such as terracotta statues around the site of ancient settlement Nok. They are also the first African to know the techniques of iron smelting, although it is believed that the technology was introduced to another culture, the possibility of Carthage.

Norte Chico.

Their heyday lasted for more than 1,200 years and is known as the oldest culture with advanced technology in the Americas.
Nation Norte Chico is considered to inhabit South America since the third millennium BC. Their heyday lasted for more than 1,200 years and is known as the oldest culture with advanced technology in the Americas. Norte Chico civilization centers located in the area of ​​Peru.
They have 20 large cities with sophisticated architecture and agriculture dominate their settlements. Apparently they also have developed an elaborate irrigation system which was not known at that time.

Norte Chico has a huge influence for cultural development in South America afterwards. One of them is the Chavin civilization that began several hundred years after the fall of the Norte Chico. But just like other ancient cultures, not much historical evidence about this culture are found and can be learned.

Elam.

An ancient civilization that was originally called Haltam.
An ancient civilization that was originally called Haltam. But he is better known in history by the name Elam derived from Hebrew. Because the history of this ancient culture is more widely known through the ancient Hebrew manuscripts.

Elam civilization was once controlled most of the territory that is now part of the Iranian nation and a small part of Iraq. Elam is one of the oldest civilizations were established around the third millennium BC and until today the oldest culture found throughout Iran. They have a language that is very unique and different when compared with ancient culture around it.

Elam seems scholars do not view the importance of documenting the mythology, literary, or scientific advances them so evidence of their contribution to the world civilization can hardly be traced. And for that reason anyway Elam less known in modern times when compared with the culture of ancient Egypt and Sumeria.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
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name: Bambang Sunarno.
http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/07/did-you-know-that-the-ancient-civilization-virtually-unknown.html
DatePublished: July 29, 2015 at 16:41
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Sinful city that is not less longer than Las Vegas.

The sin city or town sinful? Hearing that word might direct your mind to drift to Las Vegas, the city with the famous night entertainment industry across the United States, even in the whole world. The city is famous for its entertainment-filled evening of entertainment and pleasure madness.
But in many parts of the world there are many cities with a similar reputation Las Vegas. A haven for thrill seekers who want the unusual entertainment. Starting from Berlin to Pattaya, everything turned out to provide entertainment that is not less exciting night of Las Vegas.
Curious? This is sinful cities no less wild than Las Vegas.

Pattaya, Thailand.

Pattaya, Thailand.
Ranging from plus-plus massage parlors, brothels, striptease bars, and the transsexual cabaret, everything can be found on this beach. The sex industry is the number one entertainment in Pattaya. Try walking to Walking Street, a bustling district in the southern part of Pattaya. You will find prostitutes lined up along the road. While walking they will call you and seduce you to offer their services.
If you get bored with sex-themed entertainment, the tourists can watch a boxing match held at the outdoor bars.

Tijuana, Mexico.

Tijuana, Mexico.
Once across the international border station in the world Tijuana, you will enter the area which looks like? Wild-Wild West area in the United States. If the minimum age for drinking alcohol in the US is 21 years old, here the age limit of 18 years. Prostitution is an industry that is legal here. There is a warehouse district known as prostitution, called 'La Coahuila'. On the streets of La Coahuila tourists can find local people who sell drugs. There is also a club that showed naked dances and tequila at an affordable price.

This area is famous even among the young United States. Usually they purposely been to Tijuana if you want to throw a party like crazy.

Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Want to find a haven of marijuana and illicit drugs? Come to Amsterdam. In this state marijuana is halal goods. You can find dozens of roadside cafes that provide marijuana in their menu list.

After enjoying marijuana, try passing the red light district De Wallen. As reported Live Science, De Wallen is best known prostitution area in Amsterdam. Prostitution swallow to be a part of this district since the Middle Ages. In this area the prostitutes on display in the display room as you can find in the alley Dolly. In this district there is even a museum prostitution called The Red Lights Secret.

Moscow, Russia.

Moscow, Russia.
Countries that were once confined in the system of socialist government is now famous for the sex industry. Sex entertainment is very easy to get in this country. Moreover, in Moscow which is the center of the Russian economy. You'll find every kind of night clubs available, ranging from hardcore techno clubs, rock flooded with visitors from all over Europe. In this city there is tochkas, open market that trades prostitutes. You can even order a wife by mail. Of course marriage is a marriage contract, which was held for the purpose of sex is a few months old.

Not only tourists men, women can enjoy the entertainment of sin here. There is The Hungry Duck, a special bar that serves women dance naked male three times a week. Of course, the stripper it can be ordered to provide a 'service' to another.

New Orleans, USA.

New Orleans Carnaval.
Sinful city in the United States not only Las Vegas alone. In New Orleans, Louisiana who can also get adventurous sex entertainment. Women naked, cheap and plentiful booze, and drugs are easily available to make this place a paradise for Mardi Gras in North America.

History of the sex industry in the city can be traced to the 19th century It was New Orleans is famous for its blend of musical entertainment, prostitution, French cuisine, and a variety of adult clubs that serve cultural glitter hedonism. Nowadays you can find its modern version in the French Quarter, complete with striptease, stores that sell pornographic items and bar with the wildest performances.

Prostitution is illegal in the city's entertainment, but because of its long history and has been known since centuries ago, then the practice of prostitution is considered normal. Even Senator David Vitter said to diligently visit one of the prostitutes on Canal Street.

Berlin, Germany.

Berlin, Germany.
This unified German state capital in addition to well-known because of its history were also popular as a city of sin. During the period between World Wars I and II, the city was already pledged themselves as the center of the world's first sex education. At that time, Berlin is a city that is free. Drugs and prostitution are the mainstay of tourism.

In modern times the city is arguably the BDSM paradise. Entertainment in the form of sex with violence that took place in the underground spaces of the clubs is one of the most sought after tourist attractions here. The KitKat Club visitors can dance and get sexual services.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
https://plus.google.com/105319704331231770941.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/07/sinful-city-that-is-not-less-longer-than-las-vegas.html
DatePublished: July 29, 2015 at 15:24
Tags : Sinful city that is not less longer than Las Vegas.
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Do You Know Places in the World Unique and Amazing.

This world in which we live is full of mystery, in different parts of different, there are a stunning locations, but also strange and mysterious. Never mind the location, even the contents therein are also sometimes strange.
Plant Predators still remember when eating? Such events only difficult we have seen in any place. From the beautiful scenery such as photos or beauty Tibet Amazing Full Moon, until that terrible as a great Natural Disasters, all on this earth.

Some unique and bizarre places from around the world include :

Guaira Falls, Brazil-Paraguay border.

Guaira Falls, Brazil-Paraguay border.
Most people think of Niagara Falls is the largest in the world. Whereas Guaira Falls is the largest in the world by volume waterfall that reached an average of 1.75 million cubic feet per-second. Compare with Niagara Falls is only 70,000 cubic feet per-second.
Source Guaira Falls located on the Brazil-Paraguay border, is the Parana river. In 1982, at the waterfall Guaira was built dams for electricity generation with the name of Itaipu Dam which is now the second largest dam in the world's largest electricity producer after Gorges Dam. Itaipu Dam supplies 90 percent of electricity to Paraguay, and 19 percent to Brazil, as well as Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.

Iceberg B-15, the Antarctic.

Iceberg B-15, the Antarctic.
Iceberg B-15 was the largest iceberg in recorded history. The extent of 3,100 km, making it larger than Pulai Jamaica. Giant icebergs This happens because the fault Ross Ice Shelf in March 2000.
Then in 2003, the iceberg B-15 was re-split into several pieces, one of the largest so-called B-15a drift northward, eventually disintegrate into a glacier in 2005, leaving a fault along the 8 km. This makes a big change in the map of Antarctica and demanded to be revised (map).

Most drifting along the coast eventually foundered. In 2006, hurricanes in Alaska, causing sea waves that pass up to 13,500 km for 6 days to Antarctica, and separating fragments of the rest become more and more.
Almost a decade passed, parts of the iceberg was still not entirely liquid, the biggest part is still regarded as the B-15, with a field reached 1,700 Km.

Don Juan Pond, Antarctica.

Don Juan Pond, Antarctica.
Which places the highest salt content? Surely people would call the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea is famous worldwide for a very high salt content.

Based on research, the high salt content of sea water that could be a health therapy. No wonder that around the Dead Sea built many spas for treatment, in particular health and beauty therapies. But it turns out the Dead Sea is not the saltiest in the world.
Precisely in the Antarctic was, rather Don Juan Pond, a lake with the highest salt content in the world. The comparison when juxtaposed with the sea in general, Don Juan Pond 18 times saltier than regular sea water, when compared with the Dead Sea, Don Juan Pond 8 times saltier.
This location is found by Lt. Don Roe and Lt. John Hickey, in 1961, when both are doing research in Antarctica. The name of Don Juan Pond is also given by two researchers of this army, possibly merging the two names.
The temperature in the pool was like a general in the Antarctic region, is quite low, with the lowest point can reach -30 degrees Celsius. But never until frozen like elsewhere in the Antarctic.

Rotorua, New Zealand.

Rotorua, New Zealand.
Rotorua is a seaside town in the south of the lake of the same name. Precisely at bay Plenty, North Island of New Zealand.

The uniqueness of the region is the number of pools of hot springs, especially Pohutu Geyser at Whakarewarewa, and mud-boiling mud. The region to be unique and interesting, so much visited by tourists.

83-42, Greenland.

83-42, Greenland.
Strange and unique. But 83-42 is believed to be the only area of ​​land in the north. It is only "a piece" about the size of 35 mx 15 m and a height of 4 m. When viewed from above, just like a speck of land surrounded by shards of ice.
The uniqueness is once again toppled the previous record which ATOW 83-42, 1996. The uniqueness of this was found in 1998.

Socotra, Republic of Yemen.

Socotra, Republic of Yemen.
Socotra oddest places at once the most unique in the world. Almost everything there looks weird, from the shape of the tree and its environment, no wonder many are calling Socotra is located in the Republic of Yemen as one of the alien nest in the world.

It's very isolated, dry climate like no other. This anomaly could be the cause of any plant life or there is growing strangely. Call it a well-known plants such as Dragon's Blood Tree strange, very unusual shape, it looks like an umbrella. This tree produces red sap.
There is also no animals native animals, such as birds, spiders and other native animals. Not to mention also the coral rocks, which form is not common and there on the island. With all the strangeness of the contents of the island, no wonder the Socotra, the island in the Arabian sea, included in the UNESCO World Heritage.

The Great Dune of Pyla, France.

The Great Dune of Pyla, France.
We know that Europe has no deserts, sand dunes at best only mediocre. But this assumption is wrong. Europe has a unique dune Pyla ie, length 3 km, width of 500 m and a height of 100 meters. The very steep sand dunes partly overlooking the forest.

This place is famous for being the place of paragliding activity. In addition to the uniqueness of the dunes, which is also amazing is the surrounding scenery from the heights where we could see the sea and the forest. Because the dunes are much higher than the forest, so that the sand dunes that we could see everything.

Meteor Crater, USA.

Meteor Crater, USA.
Meteor Crater is a crater formed by a meteorite fall. It is located about 43 miles (69 km) east of Flagstaff, near Winslow in the northern Arizona desert of the United States. The place was called the Meteor Crater because it is close to the post office name.

This meteor crater supposedly formed since 50,000 years ago in the Pleistocene era when the local climate became cooler and wetter. At that time there was a vast prairie and forests inhabited by woolly mammoths, giant mashed lemurs, and camels. Maybe it was not in the area of ​​human habitation. Meteor that fell that contain nickel and create a crater of 50 meters.

Mount Roraima, Venezuela, Brazil and Guyan.

Mount Roraima, Venezuela, Brazil and Guyan.
Mount Roraima is extraordinarily beautiful place. This rock shaped like a hood is unique because the table that is in the cloud. Height of 400 meters. Sat- only way to reach the top of the roof of the table it is to climb the ladder track that is already provided by the government of Venezuela.

Another way that is not recommended is commonly performed by rock climbers. There rain fell almost every day, washed creepers are located on the roof. As a result, roof mount it to be unique, because it is clean of any or such "empty table".

The Door To Hell, Turkmenistan.

The Door To Hell, Turkmenistan.
This place probably already all know, at a minimum have read the news or look at the pictures. It is no wonder because the natural phenomenon in Turkmenistan is somewhat unique. People call it 'Gates of Hell "because in the 70-meter-wide crater was out fires continuously since last 35 years.

Starting from 1971 in which geologists doing research in the region to look for mine gas. What happens then is a burst of fire from under the continuous, even swallowed all their equipment. Geologists have no one dared to descend into the crater poisonous. Thank you for reading this article.
Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
https://plus.google.com/105319704331231770941.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/07/do-you-know-places-in-the-world-unique-and-amazing.html
DatePublished: July 29, 2015 at 13:38
Tags : Do You Know Places in the World Unique and Amazing.
Code : 7MHPNPADAEFW